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Miscellaneous

Tourism Development Strategy Horizon 2025

As the largest country in the Mediterranean region, and the second largest in Africa, Algeria has vast areas of unspoiled territory and visitors to the country can choose to explore the approximately 1,200 km of spectacular coastline, trek into the magnificent Sahara desert and discover the ancient traditions and culture of the various peoples who call this North African country home.

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Miscellaneous

A Brief History of Guelma

The land upon which the Algerian city of Guelma now stands was once a Roman city in Numidia known as Calama. It is thought to have been established in 198 CE by the Phoenicians, at which time it was known as Malaca, and when the area was conquered by the Romans, they renamed the settlement Calama. As part of the Roman Empire, Calama became an important urban center, later being given the lofty status of 'colonia'. Under the leadership of Septimius Severus, Calama developed into one of the most prosperous cities in the Roman Empire, boasting thermal baths and a magnificent theater, the remnants of which remain landmarks in Guelma today.

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Miscellaneous

Mouloud Mammeri – Writer, Linguist and Anthropologist

Known for his outstanding work as an Algerian Kabyle writer, linguist and anthropologist, Mouloud Mammeri's four published novels are said to represent four distinctive time periods in Algerian history. His first novel La Colline oubliée (The Forgotten Hill) speaks of the unrest of the 1940s which prompted many to leave the country; Le Sommeil du juste (Sleep of the Just) tells of the experiences of Algerians in their new country and their later return; L'opium et le baton (Opium and the Stick) discusses the war of liberation and its effect on a village in the Kabyle mountains; and La Traversée (The Crossing) focuses on the period after independence from France in 1962.

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Miscellaneous

Algerian History: The Aghlabids

The Aghlabids ruled as emirs Ifriqiyah, an area that encompassed the coastal regions of what is now Tunisia, Libya and eastern Algeria, from 800 CE to 909 CE. Although they nominally served as rulers of the emirate under the Abbasid caliphs, they were essentially independent. The capital city from which the Aghlabids ruled was Tunisia's Kairouan.

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Miscellaneous

Aruj – Historical Sultan of Algiers

Known in folk legends as Barbarossa, meaning Redbeard in Italian, Aruj (1474-1518) was an Ottoman Governor of Algiers and the Chief Governor of the Western Mediterranean region. He became known as Baba Aruj, meaning Father Aruj, for the role he played in transporting large numbers of refugee Moriscos from Spain to Ottoman Empire governed lands in North Africa, including Algeria and Tunisia, with some settling in Morocco. Morisco, meaning Moorish, was the term used at the time to describe inhabitants of Spain and Portugal who had converted from Catholicism to Islam.

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Miscellaneous

The Life of Professor Mohammed Arkoun

There is no doubt that Professor Mohammed Arkoun lived a colorful and fascinating life, experiencing more than most people would. However, he will always be remembered and respected for the contributions he made to contemporary Islamic reform, and as one of the most iconic Islamic scholars of our time. During the thirty years he spent studying the Islamic faith, he also promoted humanism and the modernization of the Islamic movement. He was undoubtedly one of the most influential figures of his time and left behind a wonderful legacy.

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Miscellaneous

Rachid Bouchareb Highlights the Arab World in Film

Rachid Bouchareb has never been intimidated by controversy, boldly addressing social issues and relationships between the Arab world and the West through the medium of film. His successes have included Hors-la-loi (Outside the Law), highlighting the Algerian struggle for independence from France as told through the experiences of three Algerian brothers based in France. Released in 2010, Outside the Law was a follow up to his 2006 film Indigènes (Days of Glory) which focused on discrimination by French authorities against North Africans who were fighting side by side with them in the French army with the goal of liberating France from Nazi occupation during WWII. Although the English title is rendered Days of Glory, the French title translates as Natives - a reference to native North Africans, including Algerians, who supported the French through this tumultuous time in history, despite discriminatory treatment.

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Miscellaneous

Lounis Ait Menguellet – Musician with a Message

Lounis Ait Menguellet is widely considered to be one of the most popular artists in contemporary Kabylian, or Berber, music. As the youngest of six children, Menguellet was born on 17 January 1950 in the village of Ighil Bouammas in the Kabylia region of Algeria. Although stating emphatically that he does not get involved in politics, his lyrics address political and social issues that his audience find easy to relate to and he has become a symbol of Berber identity and an advocate for change and progress.

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