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  1. #15
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  2. #16
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    July 16, 2007 -- According to official documents signed by the general director of grains Algerian bureau, instructions have been delivered to under-directors in the east and west of Algeria to give imported wheat to some officials. The general director has also ordered the disposal of significant quantities of local wheat and instructed that it should be used to feed animals.

    Huge quantities of wheat stored in mutual companies in the west of Algeria have been given to a “friend” in an alleged deal.

    The document said the wheat was not fit for consumption despite executives in the grains Algerian bureau, who spoke on condition of anonymity, saying that the wheat is good and it was sold for 750 DA per quintal.

    The list mentioned in the official document included 20 names. The order for sale delivered in a telegraph signed by the director of foreign trade at the request of his general director. The telegraph was sent to the grains professional bureau.

    According to a message sent by the Algerian farmers’ national union, former members of the national union that belong to the grains professional bureau have paid visits to grains mutual companies in Algeria to renew trade union branches.

    “These members have nothing to do with the trade union nor do they belong to a union organisation. They are not allowed to perform these union acts outside of the law”, said the message.

    Because of that, a group of workers and executives representing the national trade union of grains professional bureau have submitted a letter to President Bouteflika asking him to intervene and help this “strategic institution which is in catastrophic conditions.”

    The letter said different quantities of wheat have still been stored for many years in very bad conditions.

    The letter also indicated serious scandals relating to smuggling and a very big lack of grains quantity, machines and equipments plus bad management and negligence.


  3. #17
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    Mardi 24 Juillet 2007 -- Les cours du marché mondial du blé viennent de faire un bond spectaculaire qui risque d’avoir des répercussions directes sur beaucoup de pays, notamment l’Algérie.

    Le blé dur, qui était cédé à 60 dollars US , est passé à 180 dollars la tonne. Les analystes des transactions liées aux céréales n’excluent pas que la tendance à la hausse poursuivra son cours. Les plus alarmistes parmi eux n’hésitent pas à dire que les cours peuvent atteindre jusqu’à 375 dollars dans les semaines ou mois à venir. Une situation qui ne peut que bouleverser la donne chez nous.

    Pour ceux qui l’auraient oublié, l’Algérie est l’un des 7 premiers importateurs de blé au monde. Les besoins nationaux oscillent entre les 1,5 et 2 millions de tonnes de blé dur et annuellement, on importe 1,5 million (dont 45% de la France).

    Ce qui fait que la facture annuelle du blé est estimée à presque 1 milliard de dollars. Une situation qui rend notre pays entièrement dépendant du prix de cette matière première alimentaire qu’on importe de France, des États-Unis, du Canada, ainsi que des pays de l’Europe de l’Est dont l’Ukraine. Les raisons de cette flambée des prix du blé sont multiples et dues principalement aux changements climatiques et aux énergies renouvelables. Ainsi, l’an dernier, l’hiver a été trop froid en Ukraine et l’automne trop sec en Australie, les deux pays étant deux gros producteurs de blé, cela avait donné une production mondiale en baisse de 5%. Cette année, si en Europe les pluies ont été rares (en mars et avril), elles ont été abondantes aux États-Unis, qui est le troisième producteur mondial de blé. Ces caprices du ciel influent beaucoup sur les marchés mondiaux du blé et les réserves ne cessent de décroître.

    L’autre raison de la hausse des prix du blé est la montée en puissance des prix des biocarburants provoquée par les fluctuations du pétrole. Cette énergie renouvelable, qui prend de plus en plus de place dans les programmes de plusieurs pays, est devenue l’axe de l’indépendance énergétique vis-à-vis de l’or noir dont les prix s’envolent. Ce qui fait que les superficies traditionnellement réservées au blé dur sont utilisées pour la production exclusive du maïs, qui donne le carburant vert, l’éthanol. Les États-Unis et le Brésil mettent le paquet sur cette énergie renouvelable.

    En plus du climat et de la préparation de l’après-pétrole, la pression de la demande a beaucoup augmenté depuis une année. Soit depuis l’entrée de l’Inde dans la catégorie des importateurs à laquelle il n’appartenait pas. En 2006, ce pays a acheté 6 millions de tonnes, soit l’équivalent de 1% de la production mondiale. En 2007, la Chine emboîte le pas à son voisin et devient ainsi importateur de blé. Ces deux pays sur le marché, c’est l’équivalent de 3 milliards de nouveaux consommateurs et les prix à la hausse du blé devaient donc suivre.

    Les conséquences ne se sont pas fait attendre. Ainsi, l’Ukraine vient de décider de ne plus exporter. Aussi plusieurs confédérations de boulangers en Europe (par exemple en Belgique) se sont résolues à une augmentation des prix du pain. D’autres décisions sont attendues surtout dans les pays en voie de développement et les conséquences risquent d’être dramatiques.

    Les dépenses globales d’importation alimentaire devront donc de plus en plus augmenter d’au moins 10% cette année et peut-être plus si le marché du blé dur subit d’autres rebondissements. C’est dire qu’on peut s’attendre à ce que l’Algérie soit touchée de plein fouet par les fluctuations du marché et l’Algérien risque de s’en apercevoir dans sa vie quotidienne.


  4. #18
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    September wheat traded 3/4 of a cent lower overnight.

    Ideas that the weather problems in Europe have peaked and that the market is overbought helped spark the slight weakness overnight. While the heat in the Dakotas is hitting the headlines, the spring wheat crops in this region are nearly ready to harvest and the heat late in the growing season has helped prepare the crop for harvest which has already started in some areas. Of greater concern is the hot and dry weather which is hitting at a critical stage of development for the crops in Alberta and Saskatchewan. All-time record high temperatures are being hit in some areas of Canada this week and after a few days of cooler weather, the heat and dryness looks to return next week. Talk that European rains have caused damage to the crop ready for harvest with estimates of up to 3 million tonnes in losses added to the bullish tone yesterday. Funds were noted buyers of nearly 4,000 contracts yesterday. Spain's Agriculture Minister this morning believes the soft wheat harvest may total 5 million tonnes this year from 4 million last year. Heavy rains in France and Germany along with floods in the UK helped support a surge to new highs at the European exchanges. With Egypt buying 290,000 tonnes yesterday and Algeria tendering for 100,000 tonnes, traders are less concerned with a decline in export demand due to high prices.

    Fears of declining production in Europe due to poor weather for harvest and continued strong demand for US wheat for export helped spark solid gains early in the session yesterday. December wheat managed a new contract high but a slow-down in new buying and some profit-taking type selling helped spark a 10 cent set-back off of the early highs into the mid-session. Harsh weather in the Dakota's and Montana may peak today with some cooler weather and light rains in the eastern areas in the forecast on Thursday. However, hot and dry weather in Saskatchewan has taken a tool on the Canadian wheat crop with crop conditions falling to 55% good to excellent from 80% two weeks ago. A Canadian Wheat Board member indicated that the hot and dry trend is hurting yield potential. A lack of follow-through to the upside in the other grains contributed to the mid-session set-back. Egypt bought 290,000 tonnes of wheat at their overnight tender with 175,000 of the total coming from the US. Algeria is in the market for at least 100,000 tonnes of wheat. Extremely hot weather in the western sections of the spring wheat belt added to the bullish tone this morning. The weekly Spring Wheat Conditions report showed 75% was rated good/excellent compared to 76% last week and 34% last year. The 10 year average for this time of year is 59%.

    The western portion of the northern plains continues to see hot and dry conditions for the next few days but cools down in the eastern sections of the Dakotas with some chance of a shower. Wheat basis at the Gulf was higher yesterday. The weekly crop updates on Monday afternoon showed that only 83% of the Oklahoma winter wheat crop was harvested as of July 22nd as compared with 100% on average. If one assumes the average state yield, this represents 19.7 million bushels of wheat which may never be harvested. Crop losses in Europe and threatening weather for Canada should keep the trend up.

  5. #19
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    CENTRAL CITY, Nebraska, July 27, 2007 (Dow Jones) -- Seasonal pressure from an advancing harvest and surprisingly strong yields had undercut domestic basis for most classes of U.S. wheat Friday, despite a recent explosion in export demand. Interior premiums had weakened by an average of 3 3/4 cents per bushel for spring wheat, and 1 3/4 cents for soft red winter wheat, entering the trading session. The USDA this week reported national winter wheat harvest at 81% complete, representing a rapid 11-point gain from last week. Spring wheat harvest is also underway across the northern U.S., amid strong yield prospects. "The Wheat Quality Council's (annual HRS crop) tour projected yields in North Dakota at 37.3 bushels per acre, compared to 31.7 bushels per acre in 2006," said Benson Quinn Commodities analyst Ryan Kelbrants late Thursday. "Durum yield is pegged at 29 bushels per acre, versus 23.3 bushels last year."

    SRW yields have also been about 50% higher than normal in the upper Midwest, reportedly topping 100 bushels per acre in some sections of Wisconsin. With increasingly long lines of trucks on their weigh-scales, some grain terminals monitored by Dow Jones Newswires cut spot HRS/SRW basis by as much as 4-6 cents Friday. HRW basis averaged about steady however, supported by a yield-reducing Easter frost, devastating harvest rains and a surge in export demand; factors that also lifted September KCBT futures by another 2 1/2 cents overnight, leaving prices within sight of historic highs.

    "Exports are leading this rally, as tenders and sales abound," said analyst Alan Brugler. "Bangladesh bought wheat (Thursday) for the first time in 15 years." The USDA also reported the sale of 3.67 million bushels of US HRW to Algeria Thursday. US wheat export sales have have now totaled a record 71.6 million bushels during the past 2 weeks, slightly surpassing the previous 2-week mark set in early November of 2005.

    "Strong end-user buying in the midst of a bull market is a positive sign, especially if speculators are also buying," said Farm Futures market analyst Arlan Suderman. "Domestic (wheat) millers must now compete aggressively with exporters to get their needs covered. Overseas customers are clearly panicked about this year's global stocks and are likely front-loading their purchases just in case the rains fail to arrive in dry areas of Argentina, Australia and the Canadian Prairies."

    Much of Europe's soft wheat crop is also rotting in the field, due to drenching harvest-delaying rains, as well. Like HRW wheat, cash contracts of corn, oats and HRS also rose slightly during e-CBOT futures trading, although August soybeans dropped 3 1/2 cents overnight. "Profit-taking limited gains on Thursday and is expected to push (soybean) prices a little lower on the open (of day-trading on Friday)," said Doane Agricultural Services. "Weather conditions this week have been generally favorable, with some rain and moderate temperatures across the Midwest." National cash price indices maintained at the Minneapolis Grain Exchange currently stand at $7.21 for soybeans, indicating an average basis level of -$1.00 1/2 relative to August contracts at the CBOT. Domestic cash prices also average $2.99 for corn (-18 1/2 cents basis September CBOT corn), $5.85 3/4 for HRW (-55 3/4 cents basis KCBT September wheat), $5.72 3/4 for SRW (-78 1/4 cents basis CBOT September wheat) and $5.82 3/4 for HRS (-63 1/4 cents basis September MGE wheat).

    Crop weather

    Light rain dappled isolated areas across the corn belt Friday, although dry conditions dominated the Deep South and northern Great Plains. "The rains are not over with yet in the eastern Corn Belt, with Indiana and Ohio likely to get nice amounts over the next 24 hours," said Freese-Notis Weather. "The rainfall pattern for the opening days of August looks like it is going to shift some, to the point where the better rainfall chances will be in the far northwestern Corn Belt."

  6. #20
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    LONDON, August 6, 2007 (Dow Jones) -- Paris and London-based wheat futures traded on Liffe finished higher Monday, returning to historic high levels. Solid harvest progress over the weekend confirmed fears of reduced quality and yields, traders said.

    Continued demand from northern Africa and higher Chicago Board of Trade wheat futures also backed concerns over this season's tight global wheat supplies.

    Paris November milling wheat ended up EUR1.50, or 0.7%, at EUR211.50 a metric ton with 2,429 lots moved. November set a session high of EUR212.75/ton, which was just EUR0.25 shy of the record high set in late July.

    London November feed wheat jumped to a fresh 11-year high of GBP137.50/ton in the front-month chart, replacing the previous top of GBP135/ton set a little over a week ago. November ended up GBP3.75, or 2.8%, at GBP137.50/ton with 405 lots moved.

    Following this season's ongoing wet weather delays, farmers finally received several days of favorable harvest weather, spurring progress in northern France, Germany and the U.K.

    France is now estimated to be about 95% done with harvesting, but a trader said wheat cut over the weekend yielded about 10% less than last season. He said earlier in the season producers in those regions had been expecting to reap about 10% more than last year.

    With rain falling in Paris on Monday, the trader said he figured combining would again be slowed in the remaining fields.

    Harvest in Germany also rolled along with reports of sunny, hot and dry conditions. A German trader estimated 60% of wheat in northern Germany had been cut.

    However, the trader said yields have been down 25% to 30% in northern Germany and figuring in better results in Bavaria he estimated overall yields for the nation would be down about 10% to 15% on the year.

    The trader added that there has been some talk that the German crop could come in below 19 million tons, but it was still too early to reach such a conclusion. In its July report, Strategie Grains forecast Germany's wheat output at 22 million tons, near steady on the year.

    Low specific weights have been a problem this season so far in both France and Germany. The German trader listed levels coming in anywhere from 72 to 74 kilograms per hectoliter. Standards for the Liffe milling wheat contract sets a minimum of 76 kg/hl.

    It was a very busy harvest weekend in England, a U.K. trader said. He estimated wheat harvest in the key East Anglia region at 25% to 30% done.

    Yields so far have been highly variable, ranging from up 10% to down 10% on the year. The trader added late cut wheat tends to yield better, but estimated final yields may be down slightly on the year.

    A notice by the U.K.'s Home Grown Cereals Association Monday said about 73% of the winter barley and 53% of the rapeseed crop was cut as of Aug. 1, up from 10%-15% for both crops in the previous week.

    On Monday, Morocco issued a fresh wheat tender, which listed 350,000 tons from the European Union. Traders said Morocco was also looking for optional-origin wheat and that Tunisia and Algeria continue to shop for wheat. Syria said Sunday it may cancel contract to export as much as 700,000 tons of wheat to Egypt.

    Traders also pointed out CBOT wheat futures were higher even though CBOT corn and soybean futures tumbled.

    French standard cash wheat delivered to the main port of Rouen was mostly up EUR1 to EUR2 at EUR209/ton to EUR210/ton for August-December delivery.

    In Hamburg, B-quality wheat for September delivery was mostly priced at EUR227/ton, up EUR3 from a week ago. However, exports are at a near standstill due to uncompetitive prices. In fact, some shippers have been selling back previously purchased wheat back on the internal market. Feed wheat in Germany's South Oldenburg was priced mostly at EUR222/ton, up about EUR2 on the week.

    In other Liffe agricultural markets, November corn ended up EUR1.75, or 0.8%, at EUR223.75/ton with 128 lots moved. November rapeseed finished down EUR1.50, or 0.5%, at EUR319.50/ton with 548 lots moved.

  7. #21
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    Jeudi 9 Août 2007 -- Le prix de cession du blé tendre, destiné à la production de farine panifiable, ne connaîtra pas d'augmentation, malgré l'envolée des prix des céréales sur le marché mondial, a précisé, hier, le ministère de l'Agriculture et du développement rural dans un communiqué.

    L'Office algérien interprofessionnel des céréales (OAIC), cité par cette source, précise que le prix de cette céréale est maintenu à 1 285 DA par quintal, et assure que les minotiers “continueront à être régulièrement approvisionnés à concurrence des quantités fixées au titre de la régulation”.

    Les prix du blé sur le marché international s'inscrivaient à la hausse, ces dernières semaines, soutenus par les craintes sur les perspectives de récolte qui sont déjà en repli dans l'hémisphère nord, d'où la forte demande des pays importateurs. à titre d'exemple, le blé tendre valait 202 euros la tonne sur le marché français vendredi dernier.


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