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  1. #78
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    Alexandre Rocha:


    July 10, 2009 (Anba) Henrique Sardinha Pinto, the head of the Commercial Promotion Department of the Brazilian foreign office (Itamaraty), is going to become the new Brazilian ambassador in Algeria, replacing Sérgio Danese. He is leaving for Algiers in late August, and one of the main challenges facing him will be to seek a more even balance of trade, as the North African country traditionally runs a surplus because of Brazilian imports of oil and naphtha. "Being at the head of the Commercial Promotion Department, I am aware of the relevance of trade relations between Brazil and Algeria. Brazil has accumulated a US$ 14 billion deficit over the past 10 years, as a consequence of purchasing oil and naphtha," the diplomat said.

    According to him, the Brazilian embassy in Algiers is already making efforts to increase exports, which are growing. "The embassy takes a proactive stance with local authorities and Brazilian companies, and this should be kept up. Exports have been growing, but not much as we would like them to," declared Sardinha. Sales from Brazil to Algeria generated US$ 267 million in revenues from January to May this year, growth of 29.5% in comparison with the same period of 2008, according to figures supplied by the Brazilian Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade. The main items shipped were sugar, beef, soy, oil, maize, steel pipes for gas transport pipelines, and powdered milk. Imports of Brazilian products, in turn, totaled US$ 339 million in the first five months of 2009, a 67% reduction using the same basis for comparison. The volume of purchases was strongly affected by the falling price of oil starting in July of last year. There was also an increase in production by the Brazilian state-owned oil company Petrobras, thus requiring lower volumes to be imported. Last year, Brazilian exports to Algeria generated US$ 632.5 million in revenues, and imports totaled nearly US$ 2.5 billion, resulting in a deficit of US$ 1.865 billion.

    To Sardinha, the paradigm must be shifted when it comes to exports to Algeria, which are too concentrated in basic products and must include higher value added goods. As an example he mentioned aircraft by Embraer, which fly to several Arab and African countries, but not to Algeria, even though the country has an important market for local aviation, and buys jets from competitors of the Brazilian company; and the civil construction sector, given that the Algerian government has a large infrastructure construction and renovation program. Presently, Andrade Gutierrrez is the Brazilian construction company with the strongest presence in Algeria. According to the diplomat, the expansion of business in this field may partly make up for the trade deficit, and joint work must be done with the Algerian government in order to attain that goal, as it is the main part responsible for hiring.

    He also intends to work for the opening of the Algerian market to Brazilian chicken. Although Arab countries are the leading importers in the sector, Brazilian exporters have not yet managed to introduce their products into Algeria, which already is a strong buyer of Brazilian beef, powdered milk and agricultural products. "We meet all of the requirements in terms of quality and pricing, but we have not managed to break in," he declared. The ambassador intends to use his three years' experience at the head of the Commercial Promotion Department to encourage Brazilian exports. "Occupying space in Algeria has been a challenge to Brazilian companies, and the government also takes the responsibility to promote exports and lead the opening of markets," he stated.

    Sardinha also wants to promote cultural exchange. He recalled, for example, that Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer has designed architectural projects in the country, such as the University of Constantine, and will also sign the project for the future Library of South America-Arab Countries, to be built in Algiers. Before traveling to São Paulo, the ambassador visited Niemeyer's firm in Rio de Janeiro. In the political field, the ambassador said that relations between the two countries are extremely positive and reflect the personal relation between presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Abdelaziz Bouteflika, which have presided together over the 1st Summit of South America-Arab Countries (Aspa), held in Brasília in 2005.

    Sardinha stated that several ministerial visits from one country to the other have been taking place, the latest of which was the trip of the Brazilian minister of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, Miguel Jorge, to Algiers in January this year. The ambassador was a member of the delegation. He added that the two countries usually take synchronized action in the international organizations of which they are members, and that he has already witnessed examples of that at the United Nations and at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). "This makes our work easier," he said.

    Sardinha, 53, is married, has three adult children and two granddaughters. He holds a degree in Law and has occupied diplomatic positions in Rome, in Italy, La Paz, in Bolivia, Managua, in Nicaragua, New York, in the United States, and Ottawa, in Canada.

  2. #79
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    January 2, 2010 -- The Middle East and North Africa are included in the action plans of Brazil's Ministry of Agriculture for 2010. In January, meetings are scheduled with representatives of class organizations in export sectors to validate the route of activities for trade promotion. In 2009, the ministry promoted eight commercial visits to countries with import potential, taking on average 13 members in each delegation. The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia were among the nations visited. In both nations, the ministry participated in food sector trade fairs: Gulfood, in Dubai, and Saudi Agro-Food, in Riyadh. Apart from the Arab countries, the ministry also visited Indonesia, China, Hong Kong, South Africa, Vietnam and Russia. In the missions, the most represented sectors were dairy, meats, coffee, beverages and sweets. Still this year, the Ministry promoted the Program for Immersion of Agribusiness, taking 23 representatives of diplomatic positions abroad to different Brazilian states so that they could learn more about the several food sectors in the country. Another Ministry action was the visit by 27 foreign ambassadors in Brasília, including those of Arab Nations, to Uberaba, in Minas Gerais. The diplomats learnt about the bovine genetics techniques and about the potential of the dairy sector.

    Peanut export

    Brazil exported 4,400 tons of peanuts to the Arab world from January to November of last year. The total shipped originated from the state of São Paulo, which is the leading producing state of the leguminous oilseed in Brazil. According to data supplied by the Brazilian Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, in the same period of last year, Brazil exported 2,500 tons of peanuts to the Arab countries, i.e., there was growth of 71% in foreign sales. In 2008, all shipments were made from the state of São Paulo as well. Despite the increase in volume shipped, revenues have not grown significantly, as the product's prices have been decreasing. Revenues obtained by farmers in São Paulo from exports of peanuts to the Arabs US$ 3.59 million in the first eleven months of this year, as against US$ 3.16 million in the same period of last year. The increase in sales, in this case, was 13%, way below the growth in volume. The leading buyer of peanut from São Paulo, in the Arab world, was Algeria, a country in North Africa. Saudi Arabia also made purchases, but they were much lower than those of Algeria. Whereas the Algerians imported 4,300 tons of the product, the Saudis only bought 95 tons. In 2008, Algeria was the sole buyer, with 2,580 tons imported. In other words, Algerian exports have grown by 72%. In terms of revenues, Algeria imported the equivalent of US$ 3.51 million, from January to November this year, as against US$ 3.1 million in the same period of 2008. The 2008/2009 peanut crop in the state of São Paulo totaled 69,372 hectares. The coming crop, according to projections made by the Agricultural Economics Institute (IEA), linked to the government of the state, should total 60,205 hectares. The figure represents a reduction in crop size. According to the institute, farmers are choosing to plant soybean instead of peanut, due to the product's greater perspective of profitability.

  3. #80
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    Mourad Allal :


    Dimanche 11 Avril 2010 -- Depuis la crise économique, le marché des produits agricoles observe des changements drastiques dans l’espace méditerranéen. Dans le sillage de ces nouvelles mutations, la France qui est connue pour être le principal fournisseur de l’Algérie depuis de longues décennies, fait face à une rude concurrence exercée ces deux dernières années par les pays latino-américains sur le marché algérien. Un récent rapport sur les tendances du marché des produits agricoles établi par le Centre international des hautes études agronomiques méditerranéennes (CIHEAM) établi à Paris fait ressortir que l’Argentine est le deuxième fournisseur de l’Algérie et d’autres pays de la région en produits agricoles. « L’Argentine est désormais le deuxième fournisseur agroalimentaire du Maroc et de l'Égypte ainsi que de l’Algérie, où elle est suivie du Canada et du Brésil », souligne le CIHEAM qui se base sur des chiffres fournis par les missions économiques des ambassades dans les pays de la région.

    Des statistiques fournies par le ministère brésilien de l’agriculture, de l’élevage et du ravitaillement montrent une croissance de 36,4% des exportations du Brésil vers l’Algérie en produits agricoles entre 2008 et 2009. Le Brésil a multiplié ses exportations vers l’ensemble des pays arabes puisqu’elles sont passées de 1 à 6 milliards de dollars sur la période de 1998 à 2008. Au même moment, les exportations des pays européens vers l’Algérie en produits agroalimentaires ont observé en 2009 un recul relatif par rapport à 2008. La France à elle seule a perdu 2,4 milliards d’euros sur le marché méditerranéen durant cette période.

    Cependant, la facture alimentaire de l’Algérie a représenté 30% des importations totales du pays en 2009. « La structure des importations agricoles fait ressortir que dix produits représentent quelque 80% les importations agroalimentaires. Ainsi, les principaux produits alimentaires importés par l'Algérie en 2008 étaient les céréales (51%), le lait et dérivés (17%), le sucre (6%), le café et le thé (4%), les légumes secs (3%) et les viandes à hauteur de 2%. Avec 75% de ses besoins alimentaires assurés par les importations, l'Algérie est aujourd'hui le premier importateur africain de denrées alimentaires », note le rapport en question. En revanche, selon les mêmes statistiques, l’Algérie est également sur le point de s’affirmer sur le marché africain de produits agroalimentaires. « En Algérie où les exportations agroalimentaires restent structurellement faibles et marginales, on note une hausse sensible des ventes dirigées vers l’Afrique subsaharienne (58% de la hausse totale des ventes) ».

  4. #81
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    Algiers, September 17, 2010 – Brazilian exports of thermo processed (cooked) chicken products to Algeria should boom in coming months. Representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply, the Brazilian Poultry Union (Ubabef), the Brazilian Beef Industry and Exporters Association (Abiec) and companies participated on Thursday (16), in Algiers, in a series of meetings at the Veterinary Service Division of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Arab country to solve a bureaucratic impasse that barred shipment.

    According to the Market Relations manager at the Ubabef, Adriano Zerbini, Brazilian authorities were too harsh regarding interpretation of registration of slaughterhouses to export to Algeria, different from the Algerian authorities. “The government of Brazil said it could only allow export after inspection and approval of production units by Algerian authorities. They, in turn, answered that they could not do proceed with inspection as they understood that the production units certified by the government of Brazil in the list [of slaughterhouses approved for export by the Ministry of Agriculture] were automatically approved for export," said Zerbini. According to him, the Brazilian embassy in Algiers sent an official communiqué to clarify the impasse and for the government of Algeria to formally request the list of companies confirmed as exporters by the Ministry of Agriculture, and that produce according to halal slaughter. “The Algerian Foreign Ministry should also produce a document cancelling the bureaucratic impasse that halted exports," he declared.

    The secretary general at the Arab Brazilian Chamber of Commerce, Michel Alaby, accompanied the meeting and said that “there has already been approved certification since 2002, in place since 2008, but there was still another hindrance to exports, namely the approval of the list of Brazilian slaughterhouses". "After this meeting, I believe that Brazil may finally start exporting processed chicken to Algeria," said Alaby. He added that Algeria should tender the operation of three slaughterhouses to process beef and mutton, with a capacity for 40,000 tonnes a year. The ministry representatives also called for exchange of scientific information in the veterinary ambient and in the poultry and beef sectors. “They want to exchange information regarding animal products, with regard to the sanitary question, and technical collaboration between Brazilian and Algerian laboratories in the veterinary area. And greater participation of specialists in seminars and forums regarding sanitary matters and animal production," concluded Alaby.

  5. #82
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    كشفت مصادر عليمة، لـ''الخبر''، أن الزيارة التي قام بها وفد الأعمال البرازيلي إلى الجزائر رفقة وزير الصناعة والتنمية والتجارة الخارجية، السيد ميغال جورجي، سمحت بإعادة تفعيل الاتصالات الخاصة بين الرقم الأول البرازيلي في مجال المناجم ''فال'' والقائمين على القطاع بالجزائر.

    وقد أوضح نفس المصدر أن مسؤولي الشركة البرازيلية أعادوا التأكيد على اهتمامهم بالمساهمة في مشروع تطوير منجم الحديد بغار جبيلات، جنوب غرب الجزائر، وغار مشري عبد العزيز، والسماح للجزائر بتطوير أكبر احتياطي للحديد لديها، بعد سنوات من المحاولات. وتشمل المقترحات إمكانية إقامة شبكة للسكك الحديدية التي تساهم في إيصال المادة الأولية إلى الغرب الجزائري. وتشير التقديرات الأولية إلى تسجيل احتياطات بـ3 ملايير طن من بينها 7 ,1 مليار طن قابلة للاستغلال على مستوى غار جبيلات بالخصوص، بنسبة 45 بالمائة من المعدن. وهي بالتالي من أعلى النسب القابلة للاستغلال.

    وتعتبر البرازيل من بين أهم البلدان المنتجة للحديد، بفضل شركة ''فال''، التي تعد من بين أكبر الشركات المتخصصة في أمريكا اللاتينية.

    ويرتقب أن يقوم ممثلون عن الشركة البرازيلية بزيارات إلى الجزائر لدراسة إمكانية التفاوض على المشروع. علما بأن الشركة البرازيلية أبدت اهتمامها بالمشروع منذ 2005، ثم أعادت الاهتمام في 2008، وتوقفت فيما بعد الاتصالات في وقت عادت الشركات الصينية بقوة لاقتراح مشروع مندمج، إلا أن الاتصالات لم تأت بالجديد.

  6. #83
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    كشف مصدر مقرب من وزارة الفلاحة أن الاتفاقية المبرمة بين الجزائر والبرازيل ستسمح ابتداء من السنة المقبلة باستقبال المنتجات البرازيلية الحلال.

    وقد عمد ممثلو الشركات البرازيلية خلال زيارتهم للجزائر إلى طمأنة الطرف الجزائري، من أن المنتوج البرازيلي في حالة عودته للسوق الجزائرية، فإنه لن يكون عامل عدم استقرار أو تهديد للمنتوج المحلي.

    وإلى جانب تصدير المنتوج، فمن المرتقب أن تستفيد الجزائر من تجربة الشركات البرازيلية التي أضحت تنافس نظيراتها الأوروبية والأمريكية في الأسواق العالمية، بدليل نجاحها في اقتحام إحدى أصعب الأسواق، ويتعلق الأمر بالسوق الروسية، بعد تموقعها بالسوق الفرنسية أيضا.

    ولا يقتصر حضور الشركات البرازيلية على مجموعتي ''دو'' و''ساديا'' العالميتين، بل أضحت أكثـر من 20 شركة كبيرة ومتوسطة تنشط على المستوى الدولي، وتنضوي العديد منها تحت إطار النقابة البرازيلية لمربي الدجاج واللحوم البيضاء، وقد سجلت صادرت الدواجن واللحوم البيضاء البرازيلية من جانفي الى أوت 2010 ما قيمته 4,4 مليار دولار بنسبة نمـو بلـغ 17 بالمائة مقارنة بنفس الفترة من السنة المنصرمة حسب تقديرات النقابة البرازيلية.

    وقد سمحت الزيارة التي قام بها خلال الشهر الحالي رئيس النقابة البرازيلية للدواجن السيد أدريانو زربيني بتسوية كافة المشاكل العالقة والتي لم تسمح باستئناف الصادرات البرازيلية باتجاه الجزائر، في أعقاب منع استقدام هذه المادة من البرازيل بعد انتشار الأمراض والأوبئة بما في ذلك أنفلونزا الطيور. علما بأن المنتوج البرازيلي تحصل على الاعتماد مند سنة 2002 وصودق عليه في 2008 على أساس أنها مواد ''حلال''، إلا أن المنتجات لم تستورد إطلاقا.

    من جانب آخر ستستفيد مصالح البيطرة ومصالح جزائرية أخرى من التجربة التقنية البرازيلية، للسماح بتطوير مجال الشراكة في مجال اللحوم على العموم سواء البيضاء أو الحمراء، خاصة وأن السوق الجزائرية تبقى من بين اهم الأسواق الاستهلاكية للدواجن في المنطقة.

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