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  1. #8
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    Algeria - China: The future relations

    by Dr. Hassan el-Msaddeq

    December 4, 2007 -- In brief, the close relations with China enabled Algeria to choose an ambitious diplomacy. In the current stage, Algeria is a friend of the US and a loyal partner of Russia which has close ties with France and China. The statement by the Algerian Foreign Minister during his visit to Washington in June 2006 reflects this idea. “Algeria is seeking to establish and consolidate various friendships and cooperation ties within mutual respect and balance of interests”, he said.

    Algeria thinks that the diversification of partners, nowadays, is the best way to preserve the independence of the country. Nevertheless, Washington still eyes this endeavour with doubt; particularly that the Algerian president had received Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez three times, and discussed with him a number of common issues to coordinate positions (OPEC policies, and the role of non-aligned countries). Moreover, Algeria has expressed its positive response towards the initiative of Russian President, Vladimir Putin, to set up a new international community gathering all gas–producing countries and including Russia, Qatar, Venezuela and Iran. This move, indeed, engendered a great concern in US-European circles.

    As far as Beijing’s opinion is concerned, we notice that China has been eyeing Putin’s initiative with satisfaction, especially since 90 % of Algerian gas and 65 % of Russian gas are currently exported towards Europe. Beijing sees that in order for Moscow and Algeria to control the gas prices, they have to liberate themselves from their commercial dependency on Europe, which is their first client. Therefore, setting up an international cartel for gas in the fashion of OPEP, will make Russia and to a lesser degree Algeria supply Asia more than Europe with gas, particularly China and India, reducing hence their subordination to the European market. This is a demand that Beijing was reiterating. Yet, there has been no response on the part of Moscow. Arab diplomacy has recently been aware of the increasing Chinese role that can be of great significance as far the Iraq, Sudan, Somalia, and Palestine crises are concerned. China has recently received Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.

    This was a strong indication that was loaded with many suggestions for western diplomacies that have refused to open dialogue with Hamas under US pressure. This came at a time when Beijing was setting up close relation with Israel particularly after the resumption of diplomatic relations in 1992. The collaboration between China and Israel is now growing rapidly mainly in the domain of military cooperation.

    Algeria is not keen on preferring China, as it wants to keep cooperation with India in the field of energy, especially in the sector of liquefied natural gas and benzene fuel. Algeria received in April 2007 an Indian delegation chaired by Murli Deora, Oil Minister in India, who visited Algeria to conclude a number of agreements.

    Algeria and China have always had close ties since 1950. They share many strategic interests, mainly in the sector of energy. We can therefore deduce that even though Sino-African relations are subject to many criticisms, China’s relations with Algeria remain relatively balanced as they take into consideration the Chinese diplomacy approach, which does not aim at establishing subordinate relations with Algeria. On the contrary, China is seeking, as it is the case with Venezuela and Brazil, to create strong regional poles to find the geopolitical support for a multi-polar world.

  2. #9
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    Quote Originally Posted by Al-khiyal View Post
    NANNING, December 17, 2007 -- More African students are coming or planning to come to China for higher education because of the country's fast-growing economy and warmer ties with Africa.

    "China is becoming one of the strongest economies in the world. It will be important to know the country and its language, so I am planning to come as soon as possible," said Maurice Okande Alcula, a journalist from Kenya's National Development Radio, who is among a 100-member delegation to China.

    Most people in the delegation, which comprises youths from 10 countries in Africa, expressed interest in studying in China after visiting universities in Nanning, capital of South China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

    "The curriculums in the universities are very good, and they have many associations and clubs for students to develop their interest. I am planning to apply to a Chinese university after my graduation," said Djohor Fateh, a student from the University of Boumerdes of Algeria.

    Figures from China's Ministry of Education showed that 3,737 African students came to study in Chinese universities last year, compared with 2,757 in 2005, marking a sharp rise of 40 percent.

    Most people are here to study the Chinese language, and some are studying medicine, economics, management, and so on.

    "A lot of Chinese companies are doing business in Africa now. Being able to speak the language will give me better chance of employment in big Chinese firms," said Shewit Falconi who is currently studying at Addis Abab University in Ethiopia.

    Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao promised during last November's Forum on China-Africa Cooperation to boost the number of scholarships for Africa from 2,000 to 4,000 annually. Alcula said he was happy with the Chinese government's decision and started looking for information about the government scholarship.

    Since the 1950s, China has provided more than 17,000 scholarships for students from 50 African countries, according to the Ministry of Education.

    However, African students are still minorities of foreign students in China, who accounted for only 2.3 percent of the total in 2006. The Ministry of Education said the percentage will rise distinctly as the number of scholarships increases.


  3. #10
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    ALGIERS, March 21, 2008 (Xinhua) -- This year marks the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Algeria. The bilateral cooperation in various fields has stood the test of time and has shown a strong momentum for further growth.

    China and Algeria have all along offered mutual sympathy, enjoyed mutual understanding and supported each other.

    In the 1950s, China, to the best of its ability, provided political, economic and military support for Algeria's liberation struggle against colonial rule, when China itself was experiencing a difficult time for its development.

    Shortly after the Algerian interim government was formed in September 1958, China immediately recognized it, becoming the first non-Arab country to grant diplomatic recognition to the government. Later on, China and the North African country established full diplomatic ties on Dec. 20 that year.

    Soon after Algeria declared independence, China dispatched a medical team to Algeria in April 1963. The medical team was also the first one China had sent to an African country. Since then, China has sent a total of 21 batches of medical staff to Algeria, numbering more than 2,800 Chinese medical personnel.

    The local people were impressed by the professional dedication on the part of the Chinese doctors who have made their due contributions to Algeria's healthcare development.

    In May 2003, a strong earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale hit northern Algeria, causing heavy casualties and property losses. China, shortly after the disaster, dispatched a rescue team to Algeria, the first one China had ever sent overseas.

    Algeria, in the early 1970s, played an important role in the efforts to restore China's legitimate seat in the United Nations, as a major co-sponsor country for the draft resolution calling for the restoration of all China's legitimate rights in the world body.

    For a long period of time, there have been frequent exchanges of visits between the two countries' top leaders, who have maintained close contact with each other.

    At the invitation of his Algerian counterpart Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Chinese President Hu Jintao paid a state visit to Algeria in February 2004, during which the two leaders exchanged views on bilateral ties and regional and international issues of common concern, signed several accords on boosting bilateral cooperation and announced the establishment of the China-Algeria strategic cooperation.

    In November 2006, Bouteflika paid a state visit to China and attended the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. The two presidents signed a communique on promoting the strategic cooperative ties.

    The good political ties between the two countries have given a strong impetus to bilateral exchanges and cooperation in economy and trade and other fields.

    According to the statistics provided by China's Commerce Ministry, bilateral trade reached 3.828 billion U.S. dollars in 2007, up 83 percent from 2006. China's exports to Algeria rose to 2.688 billion dollars, while its imports from that country hit 1.140 billion dollars.

    There are some 40 large Chinese enterprises which are currently expanding business in Algeria, ranging from road and housing construction, telecommunications and energy, to water resources and transportation.

    The Sheraton Hotel, built by a Chinese company, is now a major landmark in the capital city, while the expressway under construction that will link Algeria's east and west will also become a key strategic artery for the North African countries and the littoral states of the Mediterranean Sea.

  4. #11
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    ALGIERS, March 23, 2008 (Xinhua) -- Li Changchun, a senior official of the Communist Party of China (CPC), said on Sunday China values relations with Algeria and will discuss new ways for further bilateral cooperation.

    Li, a member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, made the remarks during a meeting with Algerian Prime Minister Abdelaziz Belkhadem.

    He said China would encourage capable enterprises with good reputation to invest in Algeria, and that he hoped Algeria would continue to support the Chinese enterprises in Algeria to upgrade the economic and trade cooperation between the two countries.

    Reviewing the long-term traditional friendship, Li said China and Algeria have deepened political trust and economic cooperation, increased exchanges in the fields of culture, sports, public health and tourism, and strengthened consultation in international and regional affairs.

    He noted that the visit by Chinese President Hu Jintao to Algeria in 2004 and the Beijing summit of the China-Africa cooperation forum in 2006 opened a new chapter for the bilateral ties.

    Belkhadem said China's eight measures agreed at the Beijing summit on China-Africa cooperation helped develop Africa and benefit its people.

    "We hope China would play a bigger role in the international and regional affairs," he said.

    Belkhadem, also Secretary-General of the Algerian National Liberation Front, discussed with li exchanges between his party and the CPC. They agreed to improve the party-to-party communications to fuel the development of state-to-state relations.

    He reaffirmed that Algeria would adhere to the one-China policy. He also voiced his belief that China would remove all obstacles and render the upcoming summer Olympic games a great success.

    Li also met with Abdelaziz Ziari, Speaker of the Algerian National Assembly on Sunday afternoon.

    Li said China and Algeria have maintained mutual understanding and trust since they forged diplomatic ties 50 years ago, and in the new era, Sino-Algerian relationship has made new progress and become a good example for south-south cooperation.

    Li praised Algeria's adherence to the one-China policy, while expressing hopes to boost the strategic cooperation relationship, which he believed would benefit the two peoples and help promote world peace and stability.

    Li encouraged more parliamentary exchanges and vowed to push forward contacts between the special committees in the parliaments.

    Ziari expressed gratitude for China's support on Algeria's revolution and economic construction. He hoped to learn legislative experience from China.

    After the meetings, Li visited a highway which was being constructed by Chinese companies.

    On Sunday morning, Li laid a wreath to Algeria's Martyrs' Memorial, and witnessed the signing of several documents on cooperation.

    Li arrived in Algiers, capital of Algeria, on Saturday night to kick off his five-nation tour, which will also take him to Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia and Syria.

  5. #12
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    Lundi 24 Mars 2008 -- M. Li Changchun, membre du comité permanent du bureau politique du comité central du parti communiste chinois a entamé depuis hier une visite de travail de trois jours en Algérie. Une visite qui s’inscrit dans le cadre du renforcement de la coopération bilatérale dans les différents domaines. A son arrivée samedi soir à l’aéroport international Houari-Boumediène, M. Li Changchun a souligné dans une déclaration écrite qu’il comptait échanger lors de son séjour en Algérie, des points de vue avec les autorités algériennes sur, plusieurs questions, notamment, les moyens de renforcer l’amitié traditionnelle et la coopération économique et commerciale, la mise en œuvre des décisions adoptées lors du forum sino-africain de Pékin et les questions internationales et régionales d’intérêt commun. Dans le même contexte, il a affirmé que l’établissement de relations stratégiques entre les deux pays en 2004 a permis de développer des relations bilatérales.

    Par ailleurs, le responsable chinois a mis en exergue l’importance que revêt l’Algérie dans les mondes arabe, islamique et africain sans oublier son rôle “particulier” sur les scènes internationales et régionales. M. Changchun n’a pas manqué de saluer les acquis “remarquables” réalisés par l’Algérie ces dernières années à l’effet de préserver la stabilité et la consolidation de la réconciliation nationale et la relance économique nationale sous la conduite du président Bouteflika. En outre, il a ajouté que la Chine et l’Algérie sont liées par une profonde amitié traditionnelle en mettant en avant “le soutien réciproque” des deux peuples dans leur lutte contre l’impérialisme et le colonialisme et pour l’indépendance et la libération nationale.

    Le responsable chinois a également rappelé le développement “continu” de la coopération bilatérale dans tous les domaines depuis l’établissement, il y a 50 ans des relations diplomatiques entre les deux pays. Il y a lieu de souligner que le président Bouteflika a effectué une visite en Chine en octobre 2000 au cours de laquelle il a participé à la première Conférence du Forum Chine-Afrique tenue à Beijing et a effectué une visite d’Etat au cours de laquelle plusieurs accords de coopération économique et technique ont été signés. Suivie en février 2004, par la visite du président chinois Hu Jintao, au cours de laquelle, les deux pays ont signé une série d’accords de coopération, et annoncé l’établissement des relations de coopération stratégique bilatérales. En 2006, le chef de l’Etat s’est rendu à Pékin pour une visite d’Etat et où il a pris part au sommet du Forum de coopération Chine-Afrique, au cours de laquelle la “déclaration sur les relations de coopération stratégique bilatérale” a été signée.

    Avec ce rapprochement politique, la coopération économique et commerciale s’est renforcée. Le volume d’échanges commerciaux entre les deux pays a totalisé 3,828 milliards de dollars en 2007. Les exportations de l’Algérie vers la Chine ont atteint 1,140 milliard de dollars (+696% par rapport à 2006), tandis que ses importations étaient de 2,688 milliards de dollars (+38%).Les statistiques de l’ambassade de Chine à Alger révèlent également que le nombre de visas d’entrée en Chine accordés aux Algériens ne cesse d’augmenter pour atteindre 14.000 en 2007, tandis qu’une quarantaine d’entreprises chinoises sont installées en Algérie pour des projets de coopération couvrant les secteurs de la construction, de l’énergie, des télécommunications et des transports.

    La coopération bilatérale existe également dans le secteur du pétrole ; la société chinoise des hydrocarbures ayant signé en octobre 2002 un contrat de développement du gisement pétrolier de Zarzatine, dans le sud algérien, d’un montant global de 525 millions de dollars. Ce projet devrait s’achever en 2008. De nombreux chantiers d’édification sont réalisés et d’autres sont en cours de concrétisation dans plusieurs régions par des entreprises chinoises.

  6. #13
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    Lundi 24 Mars 2008 -- La coopération amicale bilatérale entre l’Algérie et la Chine ne cesse de s’intensifier depuis l’établissement en 2004 des relations de coopération stratégique qui a hissé les liens bilatéraux à un nouveau palier. Pas moins de quatre conventions ont, en effet, été signées, hier, entre la Chine et l’Algérie. Ces dernières, viennent consolider l’amitié traditionnelle bilatérale et renforcer encore davantage la coopération économique et commerciale entre les deux pays dans les domaines, notamment, des télécommunications, l’économie, et le BTPH. Les trois premières conventions, qui ont été signées entre le ministère des Affaires étrangères, représenté par le secrétaire général du ministère, Madjid Bouguerra, et les représentants chinois, ont porté sur l’étude et la réalisation d’un opéra en Algérie, la coopération technique et économique et des télécommunications.

    En ce qui concerne la quatrième convention entre le groupement chinois CITIC-CRCC et le ministère des Travaux publics, elle porte essentiellement sur le financement et la réalisation de l’Institut supérieur de gestion des grand projets, la formation dans le domaine des travaux publics et enfin un partenariat et investissement dans le domaine des travaux publics toujours. Ce groupe, rappelons-le, s’occupe déjà de la formation de plus de 70 ingénieurs algériens, qui se retrouvent actuellement en chine, pour approfondir leurs connaissances dans le domaine du BTPH.

    Le groupe CITIC-CRCC, manifeste également son intérêt quant à la diversification de son activité en Algérie dans les projets d’investissement dans le secteur des ciments, la valorisation des mines, ainsi que la réalisation de grands ensembles. Une chose est sûre, à travers la signature de ces conventions, la Chine, qui suit de près les réformes économiques et s’intéresse de plus en plus, à l’ouverture du marché national, vient de concrétiser son engagement envers l’Algérie, notamment, dans le domaine de la formation. Envolée sur lequel l’Algérie a toujours insisté.

    Concernant, par ailleurs, l’édification de l’Institut supérieur de gestion des grand projets, qui fait partie en réalité des mesures d’accompagnement incluses dans le contrat de réalisation des lots Centre et Ouest de l’autoroute Est-Ouest, ce dernier, sera implanté dans le pôle technologique de Sidi Abdellah sur une superficie de 10 hectares. D’un montant de 10 millions d’euros, cet institut se veut comme une plaque tournante de formation de haut niveau dans le domaine des travaux publics pas seulement en direction de cadres et techniciens algériens, mais aussi africains. Les travaux de cette grande école seront entamés incessamment, et ce pour une durée de 18 mois.

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    ALGIERS, March 24, 2008 (Xinhua) -- Li Changchun, a senior official of the Communist Party of China (CPC), said here Monday that China is ready to boost cooperation with Algeria in the fields of energy resources, mining, and telecommunications.

    Li, a member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, made the remarks during a meeting with Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

    Li called upon Algeria to seize the occasion of the 50th anniversary of bilateral ties to strengthen the political trust, economic cooperation and personnel and cultural exchanges with China.

    "No matter how the international situation has changed, China and Algeria have maintained mutual support and trust," he said.

    Bouteflika expressed his gratitude for China's helping African nations achieve national independence and development, and he pledged to enhance cooperation with China in all areas.

    He reaffirmed Algeria would not change its stance on the one-China policy under any circumstances, and would support China's reunification cause.

    Li also met with Algerian Foreign Minister Mourad Medelci. After Li briefed Medelci on the recent riots in Tibet, Medelci said that what China has done to improve Tibet's economic and social development is widely acknowledged by the whole world.

    Medelci said China's publicizing the video of the violence in Tibet would help the people see the truth through their own eyes, and Algeria believed that the world would have a better understanding about China after the Beijing Olympic games are held successfully.

    On Monday afternoon, Li met with Algerian Prime Minister Abdelaziz Belkhadem and they agreed that the two parties would continue to promote high-level contact, and exchange the experience of administration management to benefit the two peoples.


    The two sides signed two agreements on peaceful use of nuclear power between China and Algeria.

    On the same day, Li visited a training center run by the ZTE corporation, China's leading telecommunications company, and held a workshop with some Algerian technicians who have studied in China.

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