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  1. #50
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    ALGIERS, January 10, 2010 (AFP) – China's Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi arrived Sunday in Algiers on the next stop of his Africa tour, planning to reinforce economic ties between the two countries, Algeria's foreign ministry said. During his 48-hour visit, when he will also meet his Algerian counterpart, Yang will sign with Algeria a protocol on economic cooperation and an agreement on judicial mutual assistance for civilian and commercial affairs. Algiers and Beijing have been building economic relations over the last decade, with Algeria launching two economic revival plans in 2001 and 2005 to develop and modernise its basic infrastructure and housing. In 2009 commercial trade between the two countries reached 4.46 billion dollars (3 billion euros), an 8.8 percent increase from 2008. Chinese investment in Algeria grew to 900 million dollars (625 million euros), according to the Chinese embassy in Algiers. Approximately 30,000 Chinese currently live in the North African country. Last year, dozens of Chinese traders clashed with local shopkeepers in the Algerian capital after a heated exchange between an Algerian storekeeper and a Chinese businessman. Chinese traders who sell goods at cut throat prices have sparked growing local resentment. Yang has already been to Kenya, Nigeria and Sierra Leone on his African tour, and is due to continue on to Morocco.

  2. #51
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    Dimanche 10 Janvier 2010 -- L'Algérie et la Chine ont signé dimanche 10 janvier à Alger un accord économique et technique et un autre sur l'entraide dans le domaine judiciaire civil et commercial, à l'occasion de la visite du ministre chinois des Affaires étrangères, Yang Jiechi, selon l'agence algérienne APS. Les deux accords ont été signés par le ministre des Affaires étrangères Mourad Medelci et son homologue chinois, arrivé en milieu d'après-midi à Alger pour une visite de 48 heures. M. Medelci a déclaré que la coopération entre l'Algérie et la Chine "est plus que satisfaisante, voire exemplaire", selon APS. "Je souhaite que la signature de ces deux accords soit le point de départ d'une coopération beaucoup plus riche", a affirmé M. Medelci à l'issue de la signature de ces accords. M.Jiechi a de son côté estimé que les deux accords "seront bénéfiques pour le renforcement des relations entre les deux pays". "Je souhaite que nous travaillions ensemble pour le renforcement des relations stratégiques qui existent entre nos deux pays", a évoqué M. Jiechi qui a invité son homologue algérien à se rendre en Chine pour prendre part à la 4e Conférence du Forum sur la coopération Chine-pays arabes prévue en 2010.

    Alger et Pékin ont développé des relations économiques depuis le début des années 2000, à l'occasion de deux plans de relance économiques de plus de 200 milliards de dollars lancés par l'Algérie en 2001 et 2005 pour développer et moderniser les infrastructures de base et le logement. Parmi les grands contrats attribués aux Chinois figure la construction de 600 km d'autoroute attribuée en 2006 au groupement Citic-CRCC pour plus de six milliards de dollars. En 2007, le groupement chinois CGC-SIPSC a obtenu un contrat de deux milliards de dollars pour la réalisation d'un réseau de transfert des eaux souterraines d'In Salah à Tamanrasset sur 750 km. Le chinois CSCEC a décroché plusieurs contrats publics pour la construction de dizaines de milliers de logements financés par l'Etat algérien, grâce à l'argent du pétrole. Un autre groupe chinois, CCECC, a remporté des contrats de plus de 3,5 milliards de dollars dans les chemins de fer. Les échanges commerciaux des deux pays s'élevaient à 4,46 milliards de dollars en 2009 (+ 8,8% par rapport à 2008). Les investissements chinois en Algérie se montent à 900 millions de dollars, selon l'ambassade de Chine à Alger, selon laquelle quelque 30.000 Chinois vivent actuellement en Algérie.

  3. #52
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    January 18, 2010 -- While still struggling with the aftermath of a decade-long Islamic insurgency, oil-rich yet impoverished Algeria is getting a makeover: a new airport, its first mall, its largest prison, 60,000 new homes, two luxury hotels and the longest continuous highway in Africa. The power behind this runaway building spree is China. Some 50 Chinese firms, largely state-controlled, have been awarded $20 billion in government construction contracts, or 10 percent of the massive investment plan promised by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika for a nation where jobs and housing are scarce and al-Qaida has struck roots. Algiers, the tense and rundown capital, now has something relatively new to the Arab world: a Chinatown.

    The Beijing government has been a supporter of Algeria since the 1960s, after it won independence from France, and today the 35,000 Chinese in the country are the biggest foreign population after the French. Trade both ways soared to $4.5 billion last year, from just $200 million in 2001, according to Ling Jun, deputy head of the Chinese Embassy in Algiers. China, is now second only to France in exports to Algeria. Algerian exports to China barely top $300 million because China is a latecomer to the North African nation's biggest asset, the oil and gas under its portion of the Sahara Desert, which is dominated by U.S. firms. "But we're very active for the prospecting of new fields," Ling said. And meanwhile, they're earning a hefty chunk of Algeria's oil money. The China State Construction Engineering Corp., is building two-thirds of Algeria's 1,200 kilometer (745 mile) east-west highway at breakneck speed and was on the verge of completing it this month after just three years, Ling says.


    The Algerian story mirrors China's inroads elsewhere in Africa, which are helped not just by its bulging coffers but by the fact that unlike some Western countries, China doesn't make human rights and corruption-free procedures a condition for investment. It has drawn heavy criticism from human rights groups accusing it of bypassing the arms embargo on the embattled Darfur region by trading weapons for oil with the Sudanese government. Elsewhere it is accused of failing to spread the jobs among local workers, and of mistreating those it hires. Some feel the China's African footprint has gotten too deep. "Africa shouldn't have eluded one form of neocolonialism to fall headfirst into Chinese neocolonialism," Rene N'Guettia Kouassi, the head of the economic commission at the African Union, was quoted as saying in Jeune Afrique, the leading French-language weekly on the continent.

    In Algeria too, that footprint has not been trouble-free. Last summer Algiers saw its first anti-Chinese riot, apparently touched off when an Algerian got into a scuffle with a Chinese trader in the capital's Chinese market over a parking space, and the confrontation took on Islamic overtones. Residents and local media say the Chinese beat up at least one man, whereupon an Algerian mob looted Chinese shops and vandalized cars. The Chinatown in Bab Ezzouar, a suburb of Algiers, is now heavily patrolled by police cars, and the Chinese continue to sell their wares — bed linen, sports shoes, European fashion knockoffs — imported direct from China. "Business is good around here, but it's not as good as it used to be, because there are too many of us now," said Qing Nei, a shopkeeper from Beijing who moved here two years ago and can haggle over prices in rudimentary Arabic and French.

    Also last summer, anti-Chinese sentiment rose after Beijing repressed its Muslim minority in western China. Al-Qaida and its Algerian branch, Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) threatened retaliation. The Chinese Embassy issued warnings to its citizens and heightened security measures, although no specific violence has yet targeted China's interests, Ling said. In June an AQIM ambush killed at least 19 police officers escorting Chinese workers near the highway construction site. No Chinese were hurt, and Ling says the ambush appears to have been against the state, rather than the Chinese. The Islamic violence today is scattered, sporadic, and nothing like the 1990s, when regular slaughters by rebels and government forces left up to 200,000 people dead. And despite the lingering al-Qaida threat, most Muslims in Algeria and elsewhere express no hostility to the Chinese as such. "Islam accepts other religions, and we don't mind that they come to build in our country," said Abdeljabar Saad, an imam with strong ties to Islamists, who lives in area with many Chinese construction projects. What Saad and others increasingly object to is that there is no trickle-down from China's investment.

    Chinese firms import everything from the largest cranes to refills for their water coolers. On construction sites, even the unskilled workers pushing wheelbarrows are usually Chinese, not Algerian. Ling, at the embassy, said state firms now have the obligation to hire and train two Algerian workers for each employee they bring from China. But the few Algerian laborers working for Chinese contractors have begun complaining about their conditions. Some of those working on the new highway's construction site went on strike in late September, demanding overtime pay. Two months later, several newspapers reported they stormed and sealed the Chinese workers' camp. Another image problem is a persistent rumor that some Chinese workers are convicted criminals who got a plea bargain for agreeing to work abroad. Tang, a chief engineer at a site near Algiers where several hundred homes are being built, denied the rumor as "pure fantasy." Giving only one name because his management had not authorized him to be interviewed, he said every Chinese wishing to work for a state firm must show a clean police record. He said his site employs 40 Chinese and 10 Algerians. "Frankly," he said, "the Chinese work better, and longer hours, without complaining."

  4. #53
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    Mardi 2 Mars 2010 -- El Khabar a appris que le Ministère de la Défense nationale s’intéresse à l’expérience Chinoise dans le domaine de la maintenance des armes de guerre Russes et leur développement, notamment l’amélioration des chars et avions de chasse et la fabrication de quelques pièces de rechanges. Pour cela, il a été décidé de constituer une cellule technique de travail entre les deux armées algérienne et chinoise, ont indiqué les sources d’El Khabar.

  5. #54
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    April 22, 2010 (Reuters) -- China will pay $40 million to build an opera house for major trading partner Algeria, a gift likely to serve as a powerful symbol of Beijing's growing economic influence in Africa. Chinese construction firms have picked up billions of dollars worth of infrastructure contracts from energy producer Algeria, but relations hit a rocky patch last year when there were anti-Chinese riots in the capital. China has overtaken the United States as the continent's top trading partner but faces scrutiny over its hunger for natural resources and an influx of Chinese labor. The 1,400-seat opera house will be built in the Ouled Fayet suburbs in the west of the Algerian capital, officials said. The building will be "an important symbol of Chinese-Algerian friendship," Lu Yifeng, economic and trade advisor at China's embassy in Algiers, told Reuters. "We would like to pursue our friendship cooperation with Algeria during its next economic plan," the diplomat added. It will be the first time the Algerian capital has had a theater dedicated to opera. "This huge cultural project is a friendly gesture by the Chinese," Algerian Minister of Culture Khalida Toumi said at a ceremony to announce the gift.

    Chinese firms want to secure a share of the $150-billion that Algeria, sitting on huge cash reserves from oil and gas exports, has earmarked for infrastructure improvements and modernizing the economy between now and 2014. The spending is part of an effort by Algeria to catch up after over a decade of conflict between Islamist radicals and government forces that killed more than 200,000 people. From a figure of $272 million in 2001, bilateral trade between China and Algeria topped $4 billion in 2008. Chinese energy giants Sinopec and CNPC have won exploration contracts in Algeria while construction firms from China have been involved in vast projects, including building a 1,216-km (756 mile) East-West highway. "They (the Chinese) are present in almost all sectors," of the Algerian economy, said Hafid Sualili, an economic commentator with the El Khabar newspaper. "What they want now is to be present in all sectors." Youth unemployment is high in Algeria and analysts say there is some resentment toward foreign workers. A confrontation between an Algerian shop owner and a Chinese national last year spilled over into a mass brawl involving about 120 Chinese and 80 Algerian youths.

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    أضحت الصين ثاني أهم ممون تجاري للجزائر سنتي 2009 و2010 بعد فرنسا، متجاوزة أغلب البلدان الأوروبية والولايات المتحدة التي كانت إلى عهد قريب تتربع على رأس قائمة الدول الشريكة للجزائر. وقد سجلت الصين صادرات باتجاه الجزائر عام 2009 بأكثر من 75, 4 مليار دولار.

    استنادا إلى الإحصائيات المقدمة من قبل مصالح الجمارك الجزائرية، فإن الصادرات الصينية باتجاه الجزائر عرفت نموا معتبرا عام ,2009 حيث قدرت نسبة النمو بـ 60, 15 بالمائة، في وقت تراجعت فيه صادرات أهم ممون للجزائر فرنسا بـ 88 ,5 بالمائة. وجاءت الصين قبل الممون التقليدي الرئيسي أيضا إيطاليا التي تراجعت صادراته بنسبة 82 ,14 بالمائة. وعرفت الصادرات الصينية أهم نسبة نمو بعد تركيا التي سجلت 57 ,28 بالمائة.

    ويتضح من خلال هذه المعطيات، التطور السريع للصادرات الصينية المختلفة التي أضحت تهدد المواد والمنتجات التي تستوردها الجزائر عادة من دول الاتحاد الأوروبي، أهم شريك تجاري للجزائر خلال العشريتين الماضيتين. وعرف الثلاثي الأول من سنة 2010 نفس المنحى أيضا، ببقاء الصين ثاني ممون للجزائر بعد فرنسا، رغم تسجيل تراجع في النمو، حيث انخفضت قيمة الصادرات بـ 67, 7 بالمائة.

    ويعود ذلك أساسا إلى تقلبات العملة الأمريكية الدولار، فضلا عن انخفاض قيمة المنتجات المصدّرة، فقد قامت الصين بتصدير ما قيمته 999 مليون دولار أو ما يعادل 62, 10 بالمائة من الواردات الإجمالية الجزائرية، بينما صدّرت فرنسا للجزائر ما قيمته 748 ,1 مليار دولار أو ما نسبته 58 ,18 بالمائة بنسبة تراجع قدّرت بـ 46 ,0 بالمائة، مع مراعاة ارتفاع قيمة صرف الأورو خلال الفترة الأخيرة. وتتعدد المنتجات والمواد المصدّرة من قبل الصين باتجاه الجزائر من مواد أولية خام وغذائية ومنتجات صناعية ومواد تجهيز فلاحية وصناعية، فضلا عن عربات وسيارات خفيفة وثقيلة ومواد نسيجية وأثاث. واستطاعت بكين أن تفرض نفسها بالنظر إلى قدرتها توفير منتجات تنافسية بأسعار متدنية كثيرا بالمقارنة مع البلدان الأوروبيةرغم عامل البعد الجغرافي وارتفاع تكلفة النقل، حيث استفادت كثيرا من جعل أوروبا والشرق الأوسط مثل ''دبي'' نقطة ارتكاز وعبور لمنتجاتها لأسواق أخرى منها شمالي إفريقيا، وبالتالي تجاوز مشكل كلفة النقل.

  7. #56
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    Noureddine Bensalem :


    Dimanche 16 Mai 2010 -- La foire commerciale de Béjaïa a ouvert ses portes ce mercredi aux visiteurs, au niveau de la grande surface du Lac Amriw. Pas moins de 120 exposants venus de 13 wilayas du pays, dont celles de Batna, Sétif, Alger, Tlemcen, Blida, Bordj Bou Arréridj, Guelma, Oran, Médéa et Boumerdès, ainsi que de pays étrangers (Syrie et Chine) prennent part à cette manifestation. Les stands présentent des produits cosmétiques, artisanaux, de laiterie, ainsi que des bijoux, des articles de ménage et d’habilement, des confiseries et autres produits alimentaires en tout genre. Rencontré sur les lieux, le responsable et initiateur de cette foire organisée par GLM Expo, qui cumule 13 ans d’expérience dans ce genre d’activité, M. Meziani Mohamed, nous a confié que tout se passait bien, soulignant même une amélioration par apport aux années précédentes, que ce soit sur le plan de l’organisation ou en matière de produits exposés. «Le nombre d’exposants est en légère hausse et la prestation est meilleure», a-t-il assuré. Pour lui, cette foire est une occasion pour les exposants afin de faire connaître leurs produits aux visiteurs. «On table sur 1 000 visiteurs par jour», a-t-il ajouté. Interrogé, un exposant syrien participant à cette foire pour la deuxième fois pense que l’édition de cette année est bien organisée en terme de commodités, à l’instar de l’hygiène. Concernant l’affluence, notre interlocuteur estime qu’elle est impressionnante, tout en précisant que les prix sont accessibles aux petites et moyennes bourses. Il a assuré que la qualité des produits proposés au public est bonne et n’a rien à envier à ceux exposés dans les magasins. Cependant, des visiteurs et potentiels acheteurs que nous avons questionnés au sujet des prix estiment que les produits restent chers et que la qualité n’est pas celle souhaitée, soulignant que les produits chinois occupent en force la surface d’expopsition, en sus de ceux présentés dans les stands mêmes des Chinois.

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