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  1. #22
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    Lundi 18 Février 2008 -- L'Algérie va rendre prochainement à la Russie 15 chasseurs Mig-29, fournis en 2006-2007, en raison de leur qualité inférieure aux attentes, a affirmé lundi le quotidien russe Kommersant.

    Selon une source dans la Compagnie Aéronautique Unifiée russe (OAK), citée par le journal, un accord officiel dans ce sens a été signé la semaine dernière entre les responsables des forces aériennes algériennes, du Service fédéral russe pour la coopération militaire et technique et de la principale entreprise publique russe chargée des exportations d'armements, Rosoboronexport.

    Les avions doivent être rendus à la Russie dans les prochains mois, a indiqué cette source. Pourtant il n'agit pas pour le moment de la rupture totale du contrat, a-t-elle précisé. Selon Kommersant, la Russie propose à l'Algérie de remplacer les 15 Mig-29 par des avions plus modernes, mais beaucoup plus chers, les Mig-29M2 ou Mig-35.

    En ce qui concerne les chasseurs qui seront rendus par l'Algérie, ils pourraient être vendus au ministère russe de la Défense ou à un pays tiers, indique le journal. Pourtant, "il n'est pas exclu qu'après +une mise au point+, l'Algérie acceptera les 15 Mig rébutés", souligne Kommersant.

    Le contrat pour la vente de matériel militaire russe à l'Algériea été signé lors de la visite du président russe Vladimir Poutine en Algérie en mars 2006, dont 34 Mig-29 pour un montant de 1.286 milliards de dollars.

    La coopération militaire et technique russo-algérienne serait un des sujets principaux de discussion lors de la visite officielle de deux jours du président algérien Abdelaziz Bouteflika, qui doit arriver lundi à Moscou, ajoute Kommersant.

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  3. #24
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    Said Kaced :


    Lundi 18 Février 2008 -- Rendre aux Russes des Mig-29 hors normes constitue t-il un premier pas vers la «normalisation» des achats d’armes par l’armée algérienne ? Par le passé, l’opinion était peu ou pas informée sur les acquisitions de matériels militaires destinées à renforcer nos capacités de défense parce que nos «décideurs» avaient décrété que cela dépassait notre entendement.

    Cette décision n’est, certes, pas faite pour améliorer les relations, pour l’heure très compliquées, entre Alger et Moscou, mais elle marque historiquement l’orientation nouvelle – plus de transparence et moins de gaspillage des ressources publiques – que semblent prendre nos gouvernants. Surtout que la rue gronde contre la dégradation généralisée du niveau de vie…

    La visite officielle de Bouteflika dans la capitale russe, où le Maître du Kremlin est très occupé à assurer sa succession, renseigne sur la portée de cet acte si rare dans l’histoire de la coopération tous azimuts entre les deux pays. Le chef de l’Etat pourrait profiter de sa visite moscovite pour expliquer à Vladimir Poutine que l’Algérie, même si elle veut diversifier ses achats d’armes, ne veut pas nécessairement dénouer, à la suite de cet «incident» commercial, ses relations dans le domaine militaire avec un partenaire traditionnel. Il plaiderait, selon toute vraisemblance, en faveur d’un meilleur respect des obligations contractuelles – livrer des avions réellement neufs aux forces aériennes algériennes ! - de la part de l’avionneur russe.

    En attendant que les entretiens Bouteflika-Poutine livrent leurs conclusions, ce geste de l’ANP est fort et signifie, semble-t-il, que l’ère de la dilapidation des deniers de l’Etat se termine pour le plus grand bonheur des Algériens. Bien sûr, nous aimerions que les sources de conflits se tarissent plus vite pour que nous ne participions plus à la folie du surarmement, mais nous saluons le «courage» de ces responsables militaires qui ont signalé aux plus hautes autorités cette arnaque commerciale, fort grossière, consistant à présenter des coucous rafistolés comme des aéronefs flambant neufs.

    Cette règle prudentielle n’avait pas, malheureusement, fonctionné dans le cas des Bombardier canadiens - achetés par la filiale de Sonatrach, Tassilia Airlines - par exemple, dont on dit le plus grand mal dans les milieux aéronautiques internationaux, mais que la première entreprise du pays avait acquis pour sa compagnie aérienne. Ne désespérons pas du génie algérien, nous aurons d’autres occasions d’en mesurer sa pertinence !

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  5. #26
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    MOSCOW, February 19, 2008 (Reuters) - OPEC president Chakib Khelil arrived in Moscow on Monday with Algeria's president Abdelaziz Bouteflika for a two-day state visit, a trip expected to further talks on creating a gas group similar to oil exporters OPEC.

    Bouteflika and Khelil, who is also Algeria's minister of energy and mines, will speak with Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday, but the collapse of a recent energy deal and a report over the return of Russian arms could taint the meeting.

    A cooperation deal set up last year between Russian gas export monopoly Gazprom and Algeria's state-owned energy firm Sonatrach fell apart at the end of last year when both sides backed out, declining to give a reason.

    The proposed partnership, in which Sonatrach would participate in gas exploration deals in Russia, further raised a long-held fear in the European Union over potential fixed prices by two of Europe's top gas suppliers.

    Market talk and media reports in recent months have pointed to the possible creation of an OPEC-style gas charter, which would make the informal club of major gas exporters official.

    Russia, the world's largest gas exporter, and Iran, Qatar, Venezuela, Nigeria and Algeria have said its annual gas forum aims at increasing cooperation between key producers.

    "The forum is one thing, an OPEC-style grouping is another, which we are not commenting on," said Kirill Fyodorov, spokesman for Russia's Energy Ministry.

    The group's seventh forum will be held in Moscow this summer. While Europe and the United States oppose a plan which they say would pose a danger to global energy security, experts believe it could happen, but only in the distant future.

    "It will develop over time, and it will be more political than business," said Ronald Smith, Chief Strategist at Alfa Bank, adding that it could take up to 20 years to develop.

    "Unlike OPEC, which when they got together thought they could play with this market, it doesn't exist right now for gas. Exporters can't choose where they send their product."

    On Monday, Russian media reported Algeria will return 15 MiG fighter jets it bought under a $7.5 billion arms deal it signed with Putin two years ago.

    "There is indeed a problem but the contract has not been nullified," said a spokeswoman from MiG in Moscow.

    Along with the arms deal, under which Algeria bought fighter planes, other aircraft and radar systems, Russia agreed to write off a $4.7 billion debt Algeria had owed to the Soviet Union.

    "The actions by Algeria are not due to objections to the quality of the Russian technology, but because of domestic conditions and third-country issues," Russian business daily Kommersant said, citing a government source.

    The paper also said Algeria, which is one of the world's top buyers of Russian weapons and a historic arms client and sympathiser of the USSR, would replace the returned planes with new ones from Russia.

    The Algerian Air Force could not be reached for comment.

  6. #27
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    February 19, 2008 -- Jetmaker MiG denied on Monday that Algeria was set to send back a recently delivered consignment of 15 fighter jets because of technical misgivings over the aircraft.

    The planes are part of a $8 billion arms deal signed by Russia and Algeria in March 2006 that saw approximately $4.7 billion of the North African state's Soviet-era debt wiped out.

    "The deal has not been broken," a MiG spokeswoman said. "We do not comment on any ongoing discussions."

    Citing a source in the United Aircraft Corporation, Kommersant reported Monday that the Algerian Air Force last week agreed to return the planes.

    The deal was reportedly inked with state arms-exporter Rosoboronexport, the Federal Service for Military and Technical Cooperation and MiG.

    If confirmed, the return of the jets would be the first time that the country's military hardware has been returned over quality concerns. The report came as Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika touched down in Moscow on Monday for a two-day official visit. He was set to hold talks with President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday.

    The Kremlin press office and the Algerian Foreign Ministry could not say what the discussions would cover, but an industry source told Interfax that Bouteflika would discuss the weapons deals during his visit.

    The 15 MiG-29 jets were the first of 36 aircraft delivered to Algeria as part of a consignment worth about $1.5 billion.

    Algeria stopped taking delivery of the MiGs last year, after concerns were first raised over a consignment that arrived in late 2006, Kommersant Vlast reported last week.

    In March, Bouteflika sent a letter to Putin demanding that Russia resolve the problems with the MiGs, Vlast reported.

    Although talks have been going for several months, no deal to return the jets had been signed, Interfax said Monday, citing another industry source.

    A spokesman for UAC on Monday refused to confirm that any agreement had been struck, saying the matter was not under its control. MiG has not yet been absorbed into the state umbrella company, he said.

    A spokesman for the Federal Service for Military and Technical Cooperation refused to comment ahead of any talks between the presidents. Rosoboronexport also refused to comment.

    The MiG-29s could be switched for more modern MiG-35 fighters or for Sukhoi jets, Kommersant cited the UAC source as saying. As part of the March 2006 deal, Algeria agreed to buy 28 Su-30 fighters, Kommersant reported.

    A spokesman for Sukhoi refused to say whether the number could rise.

    Analysts cast doubt, however, on the Algerian claims of technical problems, saying the moves could be the result of a struggle within the Algerian government or aggressive moves by foreign competitors, including France and China.

    Algeria may have found a better deal elsewhere or might be looking to get more modern Russian aircraft, said Andrew Brooke, an analyst at the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

    While Russia's arms industry cannot offer discounts, China is willing to undercut its rivals to break into the valuable North African market, Brooke said.

  7. #28
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    MOSCOW, February 19, 2008 (Itar-Tass) - Presidents Vladimir Putin of Russia and Abdelaziz Bouteflika of Algeria hold talks in the Kremlin here on Tuesday. The Algerian leader arrived here on February 18 for an official visit at the invitation of the Russian President.

    Putin and Bouteflika are acquaintances of long standing. The upcoming meeting of the two leaders in the Kremlin on Tuesday will be a seventh one. In March 2006, the Russian President paid a flying visit to Algeria where at talks with his counterpart he settled the issue concerning Algeria's debt to the Russian Federation. Algeria undertook to purchase Russian commodities, mainly those under the programme for military-technical cooperation.

    Tuesday's meeting in the Kremlin will also deal with trade and economic interaction. “The new summit is designed to give an additional impetus to strengthening old multi-faceted relations between the Russian Federation and Algeria,” a Kremlin source has told.

    The source said that during the upcoming summit, the sides intend “to thoroughly discuss a wide range of Russian-Algerian cooperation and the implementation of the important agreements” that were reached during the Algerian president’s visit to Russia on March 10, 2006.

    The sides will substantively consider matters concerning trade and economic cooperation, including that in the oil and gas sector due to Russia’s and Algeria’s role in ensuring global energy security, and further interaction in the military-technical field”, the Russian presidential administration official specified.

    The source recalled that Russia had helped Algeria create an industrial base. Major facilities in energy, machine building, mining and metallurgical industries, and water transport had been built in Algeria with Russia’s assistance.

    “The traditions of fruitful interaction are being furthered and enriched by new forms. The Russian-Algerian inter-governmental commission on trade, economic, scientific and technical cooperation continues to work. In recent years the commission has held two sessions,” the source emphasized.

    Putin and Bouteflika are to devote attention to the activities of the Russian-Algerian Business Council, which is being led by StrojTransGaz CEO Viktor Lorents since December 2007.

    Abdelaziz Bouteflika is a frequent and welcome guest in Moscow. He repeatedly visited this country as Foreign Minister in 1964, 1965, 1967, and 1969. He paid an official visit to the RF in April 2001 as the President of Algeria. At that time as a result of his talks with Vladimir Putin, Russia and Algeria signed a Declaration on Strategic Partnership.

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