Health Advice and Tips for Travellers
Traveling to Algeria can be an enjoyable and exciting experience, and you are likely to have a wonderful time exploring this fascinating country. We have provided you with some health advice you may want to take into consideration so as to ensure that illness and health problems don't put a damper on your vacation. We suggest that you visit your local health care professional for a check up before departing for Algeria.
Ensure that all your regular immunizations are up to date. It is recommended that all travelers to Algeria receive a Hepatitis A vaccine. This shot should be given two to four weeks before leaving home. Six to twelve months later it is necessary to have a booster. Another recommended vaccination is for Typhoid. This is typically given in oral form to be taken over a specified period of time. Yellow fever vaccinations are required for individuals traveling from a yellow-fever country; otherwise this is not necessary. If you are possibly going to come into contact with animals and are staying far away from medical care, it is suggested that you receive a rabies vaccination. This is done through a series of three shots. If your tetanus-diphtheria vaccination is out of date, it is best to go for another one.
TICK AND INSECT PROTECTION
If you are planning on traversing the rural areas of Algeria, it is best to wear long sleeve tops and long pants. Insect repellents can be used effectively on the body and clothes. At the end of the day examine yourself for ticks and carefully remove them with tweezers.
WATER AND FOOD PRECAUTIONS
Tap water must be filtered, boiled or disinfected with chemicals. Ensure all beverages are bottled and not served with ice. Fruit and vegetables must be cooked or peeled. Only eat food that is served hot. Do not purchase food from street vendors. Meat and fish must be well-cooked. Avoid potentially toxic fish such as barracuda, red snapper, sea bass, grouper and amberjack. If you do get diarrhea promptly begin taking anti-diarrheal drugs. Antibiotics can also be taken. If the condition is very bad, or lasts longer than 72 hours, it is best to seek medical attention.
SWIMMING AND BATHING
Do not enter bodies of fresh water, whether rivers, lakes or ponds as you risk schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzia). Fresh water must be heated before being used for showering or bathing.
MEDICAL FACILITIES IN ALGERIA
Whilst medical facilities in Algeria have seen improvements, they are still not up to developed-country standards. Certain medicines and resources may not be available in all the hospitals and clinics. Payment is usually expected in cash. Most health care professionals in the urban areas will speak French. It is advisable to bring your own chronic medications and medical kit with you.