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Global military spending reaches new high

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    • February 21, 2011 -- Serbia’s government asked parliament to approve a guarantee for arms exports to Algeria in a deal that would exceed the country’s entire arms sales last year. The 42-million-euro ($57 million) state guarantee will be issued to Srpska Banka AD for deliveries that will go through arms exporter Jugoimport SDPR. The value of the export deal to Algeria is “around 288 million euros compared with $250 million in total arms exports for the whole of 2010,” Finance Minister Diana Dragutinovic told lawmakers in Belgrade today. In 2007, Serbia’s arms exports stood at only $75 million. Deputy Finance Minister Vuk Djokovic said it was important for parliament to act quickly as “there are other competitors who want to export to the Algerian market.”


      • Mardi 22 Février 2011 -- Le contrat de livraison de systèmes de missiles S‑300 à l'Algérie sera respecté. C'est ce qu'a déclaré ce mardi 22 février le vice-directeur de l'agence russe d'exportation d'armements Rosoboronexport, Nicolaï Dimidiouk, rapporte l'agence RIA Novosti. Une première partie de la commande passée par l'Algérie a été livrée en 2008 et «les livraisons ont été suspendues pour des raisons indépendantes de Rosoboronexport, néanmoins, le contrat sera respecté», a‑t‑il indiqué. Le système de missiles sol‑air S‑300 est destiné à la protection des grands ouvrages industriels et des centres administratifs, des bases militaires et des postes de commandement. Les S‑300 sont capables de détruire les missiles balistiques, les missiles de croisière et d'abattre les avions à une distance de 150 km et à une altitude allant jusqu'à 27 km.


        • Stockholm, March 14, 2011 -- India is the world's largest arms importer according to new data on international arms transfers published today by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The comprehensive annual update of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Database is accessible from today at SIPRI. India received 9 per cent of the volume of international arms transfers during 2006–10, with Russian deliveries accounting for 82 per cent of Indian arms imports. ‘Indian imports of major conventional weapons are driven by a range of factors. The most often cited relate to rivalries with Pakistan and China as well as internal security challenges’,states Siemon Wezeman of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme. ‘As an importer, India is demanding offsets and transfers of technology to boost its own arms industry, and, in order to secure orders, major suppliers are agreeing to such demands’.

          Supplier competition

          ‘There is intense competition between suppliers for big-ticket deals in Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and Latin America’, states Dr Paul Holtom, Director of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme. The Eurofighter consortium (comprised of Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK), France, Russia, Sweden and the USA are competing for combat aircraft orders in these regions, with notable competitions in Brazil and India. France, Germany, Italy and the UK are competing for orders for naval equipment from Algeria. Mark Bromley, European expert of the programme, adds that ‘European producers in particular are seeking export opportunities and are benefiting from government assistance with export promotion activities’. This can be seen with government support for British, French, Italian and Swedish companies in the competition for billion dollar orders from Brazil for combat aircraft and warships, although newly elected Brazilian President Dilma Rouseff has delayed awarding contracts for these systems.

          Middle East and North Africa

          The states of the Middle East and North Africa have been regarded as potentially lucrative markets for arms exporters thanks to the resource revenue windfall of recent years. Interstate and internal tensions provide drivers for demand as well as give cause for concern. During 2006–10, arms imports were particularly high in the United Arab Emirates, Israel, Egypt and Algeria. Based on existing orders and known procurement plans, Saudi Arabian and Moroccan arms imports are expected to rise significantly in the coming years. According to Pieter Wezeman of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme ‘Although Libya placed only limited orders for major conventional weapons following the lifting of the UN arms embargo in 2003, in recent years it has served as an excellent illustration of the competition between major suppliers France, Italy, Russia and the UK for orders’. However, there are limits to what supplier states are willing to provide, as shown by the imposition of United Nations Security Council arms embargoes on the supply of most major weapons to Iran in June 2010 and for a broad range of military and paramilitary equipment to Libya in February 2011.

          Other notable developments

          * The average volume of worldwide arms transfers in 2006–10 was 24 per cent higher than in 2001–2005.

          * The major recipient region in 2006–10 remained Asia and Oceania (43 per cent of all imports), followed by Europe (21 per cent), the Middle East (17 per cent), the Americas (12 per cent) and Africa (7 per cent).

          * The four largest importers of conventional weapons in 2006–10 are located in Asia: India (9 per cent of all imports), China (6 per cent), South Korea (6 per cent) and Pakistan (5 per cent). These states have imported, and will continue to take delivery of, a range of major conventional weapons, in particular combat aircraft and naval systems.

          * The USA remains the world’s largest exporter of military equipment, accounting for 30 per cent of global arms exports in 2006–10. During this period, 44 per cent of U.S. deliveries went to Asia and Oceania, 28 per cent to the Middle East and 19 per cent to Europe.


          • Hakim Arous :

            Lundi 14 Mars 2011 -- L'Algérie est le huitième acheteur d'armes au monde sur la période 2006‑2010, selon le dernier rapport de l'Institut international de recherche de Stockholm pour la paix (Sipri), rendu public ce lundi 14 mars. Sur cette période, l'Algérie a acheté 3% des armes conventionnelles vendues dans le monde, à égalité avec les États‑Unis et l'Australie. Le premier acheteur mondial d'armes est l'Inde (9%). L'Algérie est de loin le premier acheteur d'armes du continent africain, avec 48% du total des armes vendues en Afrique, devant l'Afrique du Sud (27%). Sans surprise, le premier fournisseur de l’armée nationale populaire (ANP) reste la Russie. L'Algérie représente 13% des ventes d'armes russes sur cette période, selon la même source.

            Le rapport 2011 du SIPRI indique également que le marché mondial de l'armement a augmenté en volume de 24% sur la période 2006‑2010 par rapport à la période 200‑2005. Les cinq principaux fournisseurs d'armes sont : les États‑Unis, la Russie, l'Allemagne, la France et la Grande‑Bretagne. Ils représentent 75% des exportations d'armes dans le monde, contre 80% sur la période précédente. Les cinq principaux acheteurs d'armes sont l'Inde, la Chine, la Corée du Sud, le Pakistan et la Grèce. Ils ont acheté 30% des armes vendues dans le monde contre 39% sur la période précédente. Le SIPRI est un institut indépendant, fondé en 1966, pour étudier le marché de l'armement dans le monde. Il est actuellement dirigé par Bill Gates. Le diplomate algérien Lakhdar Brahimi fait partie des 9 membres de son comité directeur.


            • March 14, 2011 -- The governments of the Middle East and North Africa dug deep into their pockets last year to stock up on weapons, according to the annual study by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Experts doubt the current wave of political turmoil will do much to change that. This year, the region’s security forces have been aiming their weapons mostly at their own citizens, but during 2010 countries like Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE) as well as Morocco and Algeria, were at least as focused on external threats, SIPRI said in a report released Monday. The price of oil rose about 14% last year to $90 a barrel, helping governments to pay for the purchases. “In the Middle East, we see that there are a number of countries that are investing quite heavily and have been investing quite heavily in their arsenals and weapons,” Pieter Wezeman, of SIPRI’s Arms Transfers Program, told The Media Line.

              Based on existing orders and known procurement plans, Saudi and Moroccan arms imports are expected to rise significantly in the coming years. According to the report Saudi Arabia recorded $1.5 billion in arms imports in the past two years, Algeria had $1.9 billion, Turkey $1.1 billion, UAE $1 billion, Egypt $855 million and Iraq $851 million. Israel recorded $191 million in arms imports, SIPRI said. The institute also estimated that Hizbullah, the Lebanese Shiite militant group, spent $50 million on arms imports. All told, the Middle East accounted for one sixth of the world’s arms imports while accounting for just 1/15th of the world’s population. “The states of the Middle East and North Africa have been regarded as potentially lucrative markets for arms exporters thanks to the resource revenue windfall of recent years. Interstate and internal tensions provide drivers for demand as well as give cause for concern,” the report said.

              SIPRI measures the volume of arms moved around the world using an index that rates “the military resource value of the weapon in relation to other weapons” because an accurate financial value can’t be attached to many transfers, it says on its website. “There is intense competition between suppliers for big-ticket deals in Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and Latin America,” Paul Holtom, director of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Program, said in the report. According to Wezeman, the impact of the current turmoil sweeping across North Arica and the Arab world on future weapons sales was unclear. “On the one hand, you see the case of Libya that now faces an arms embargo which means they will not be able to buy new weapons,” he said. “But in most other cases, like Egypt or Saudi Arabia or maybe even Tunisia, it doesn’t seem as if there is much reason to believe that much will change.” “Countries which have been supplying arms will be going on with their supplies. They will not change their opinion much. I don’t think we will see that much of change really,” he added.

              China could serve as an alternative, but Wezeman said Western arms dealers are unlikely to step away from a good market. “Most of these countries in the West, despite their official foreign policies, despite their official arms export policies, will still be inclined to sell weapons,” Wezeman said. “The best example is the case of Libya … That embargo was lifted and certainly all countries started again to sell arms to Libya, or wanted to do so, despite the fact that they knew there was a dictator in power, despite the fact that they could have guessed that what is happening now would have happened,” he noted. “I think we shouldn’t expect too much of a change.” Iran is the notable exception. Since the June 2010 United Nations Security Council’s sanctions, which include weaponry, has made it difficult for Tehran to import arms and paramilitary equipment. “This means that it is going to be the one country which isn’t going to be able to buy much in terms of conventional arms,” Wezeman said.

              According to SIPRI, the average volume of worldwide arms transfers in 2006–10 was 24% higher than in 2001–2005. The major recipient region in 2006–10 remained Asia and Oceania (43% of all imports), followed by Europe (21%), the Middle East (17%), the Americas (12%) and Africa (7%). Most significantly, India has now replaced China as the world’s top weapons importer with 82% of the purchases coming from Russia. India now records 9% of all arms imports with China and South Korea importing 6% each. Pakistan, India’s biggest rival and beset by internal violence, accounts for 5% of the world’s arms transfers. The United States remains the world’s largest exporter of military equipment, accounting for 30% of global arms exports in 2006–10. During this period, 44% of U.S. deliveries went to Asia and Oceania, 28% t to the Middle East and 19% to Europe, according to SIPRI.


              • MOSCOW, March 17, 2011 (RIA Novosti) -- Russia risks losing over $6 billion on arms contracts with Algeria and Syria if the situation in these countries destabilizes, a Russian expert on arms industry said on Thursday. "Arms sales to Algeria and Syria constitute about one-eight of Russia's portfolio of arms orders worldwide, which totals $48 billion," said Igor Korotchenko, head of a Moscow-based think tank on international arms trade. Russia, the second largest arms exporter in the world after the United States, has already experienced difficulties with some of its lucrative arms contracts following the wave of unrest currently sweeping North Africa and the Middle East. In addition, a political crisis in Syria may prevent Russia from using its only naval base abroad, which is located in the Syrian port of Tartus. Fortunately for Russia, Syria has been spared the wave of uprisings in the Middle East, and the recent unrest in Algeria has so far been contained and attempts by the opposition to organize nationwide protests have lost momentum.


                • LONDON, April 12, 2011 — The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute reported that Algeria and Saudi Arabia were among the highest military spenders. The institute said the Middle East spent $111 billion on military equipment and weapons in 2010, a 2.5 percent increase from last year. In all, global military spending was reported at $1.63 trillion for 2010, an increase of 1.3 percent. "The largest absolute rise in the region was by Saudi Arabi," SIPRI said.

                  The institute, which on April 11 released its yearbook for 2010, said Algeria led major oil producers in Africa for military procurement. The Algerian military procurement was said to mark an arms race with neighboring Morocco. "In recent years concerns have been expressed that regional rivals Algeria and Morocco are engaged in an arms race," the report said. "SIPRI data shows that the overwhelming majority of arms transfers to North Africa for the period 2005–2009 were destined for Algeria." The report said the Algerian-Moroccan arms race could influence Libyan defense spending. Morocco has already placed orders for F-16 fighter-jets, Sigma-class frigates and missiles.

                  SIPRI said major weapons recipients between 2005 and 2009 were Greece and the United Arab Emirates. Israel and Algeria were ranked sixth and ninth during that period. "Recent arms acquisitions by certain states in Latin America, the Middle East, North Africa and South East Asia suggest that a pattern of reactive arms acquisitions is emerging, that could develop into regional arms races," the report said. "Asian and Middle Eastern countries are expected to remain among the world's largest importers."

                  The United States was deemed the leading military supplier to the Middle East. One market identified by the institute was Iraq, whose military has been developed by Washington. "Iraq continues to rely on the USA for the provision of equipment to rebuild its armed forces, but has also received arms from Russia, Ukraine, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Turkey," the report said. "Its ambitious procurement plans have been hit by the economic crisis and declining oil prices. Nevertheless, the timetable for the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq lends a sense of urgency to international efforts to provide Iraq with the arms and military equipment it seeks to meet its perceived internal and external security needs."


                  • أعادت مصالح الأمن الجزائرية فتح ملف صفقة طائرات ميغ الفاسدة مع روسيا، بعد ضبط شبكة إسرائيلية تتجسس على صفقات السلاح بين عدة دول عربية وروسيا.

                    طلبت مصالح الأمن الجزائرية من جهاز الأمن الفدرالي الروسي المسؤول عن مكافحة التجسس معلومات حول شبكة التجسس الإسرائيلية التي ضبطت في بداية شهر ماي الجاري. وأعادت مصالح الأمن المتخصصة في مكافحة التجسس فتح ملف طائرات ميغ 29 التي أعيدت إلى روسيا بعد كشف عيوب فيها. وكانت تحقيقات سابقة قد أكدت بأن التلاعب بطائرات ميغ 29 المصدرة للجزائر تم بيد لها صلة بالموساد الإسرائيلي. وربطت مصالح الأمن ملف طائرات ميغ بشبكة التجسس الإسرائيلية التي كان يقودها الملحق العسكري في سفارة إسرائيل بروسيا، بحيث طلبت أجهزة الأمن الجزائرية من نظيرتها الروسية عبر قنوات دبلوماسية تقارير حول حجم المعلومات المتعلقة بصفقات السلاح الجزائرية التي يكون قد حصل عليها الجاسوس الإسرائيلي الذي طردته السلطات الروسية مؤخرا. وتشتبه مصالح الأمن الجزائرية بوجود اهتمام إسرائيلي بمشاريع وزارة الدفاع الوطني المتعلقة بالصناعة العسكرية وتجديد الأسطول البحري. وكشف مصدر عليم بأن مصالح الاستعلامات العسكرية توصلت إلى معلومات حول عمليات تجسس إسرائيلية متزايدة على برامج التصنيع العسكري التي أطلقتها وزارة الدفاع الوطني بالتعاون مع عدة دول ومنها روسيا. وتبحث مصالح الأمن والاستعلامات العسكرية الجزائرية عن دور الشبكة الإسرائيلية في صفقة طائرات ميغ 29 وعن مدى قرب عملاء روس تعاونوا مع المحلق الإسرائيلي في موسكو من أسرار صناعة السلاح الموجه للتصدير وشركة تصدير السلاح الروسية، خاصة مع تأكيد تجسس هذه الشبكة على صفقات سلاح موجهة إلى سوريا.

                    وتشير المعلومات المتاحة إلى أن تحقيقا طويلا تواصل لعدة أشهر أدى لكشف الجاسوس الإسرائيلي أو الملحق العسكري الإسرائيلي فاديم ليدرمان الذي قررت السلطات الروسية طرده بعد أن ضبط وهو في حالة تلبس خلال تواجده فى مقهى بوسط مدينة موسكو الروسية برفقه ضابط روسى رفيع يخدم فى أحد الأجهزة الأمنية الروسية. وكشف مصدر عليم بأن التحقيق الروسي توصل إلى أن مهمة الملحق العسكري الذي طرد من روسيا يوم 14 ماي الجاري، حاول الحصول على معلومات حول صفقات أبرمتها الجزائر مع روسيا تخص توريد طائرات سوخوي 30 وصفقة نظام الدفاع الجوي من نوع بانستير. وتشير المعلومات المتاحة إلى أن مصالح الأمن الجزائرية المتخصصة في مكافحة التجسس، فتحت قناة اتصال مع مصالح أمن روسية في إطار التعاون الأمني من أجل تحديد حجم المعلومات الخاصة بأنظمة الأسلحة التي استوردتها الجزائر من روسيا في السنوات الست الماضية التي تم تسريبها للجاسوس الإسرائيلي عبر عملاء روس. للإشارة كانت وزارة الدفاع الجزائرية قد طلبت من الروس منذ عام 2009 تشديد الرقابة الأمنية على شحنات السلاح التي تصدرها روسيا إلى الجزائر. كما كان الأمن الجزائري قد شرع في التحقيق منذ بداية عام 2009 حول قيام جهاز الموساد الإسرائيلي بالتجسس على صفقات سلاح بين الجزائر وروسيا وأوكرانيا. وجندت دائرة الاستعلام والأمن بوزارة الدفاع ضباطا وخبراء للتحري حول حجم المعلومات التي يكون الإسرائيليون حصلوا عليها حول إمدادات السلاح الروسي التي وصلت إلى الجزائر. وأظهر تحقيق داخلي قامت به البحرية الجزائرية حول حصول دولة أوروبية على معلومات تتعلق بصواريخ بحرية استوردتها الجزائر من روسيا، بأن المعلومة حصل عليها الإسرائيليون من خارج الجزائر. وحسب نفس المصدر، فإن الأمن الجزائري حصل، قبل عدة أشهر، على معلومات سرية للغاية حول شبكة تجسس إسرائيلية تنشط في مدينة نوفورسيسك الروسية وفي ميناء روسي على البحر الأسود، يتم عبره توريد بعض شحنات السلاح من روسيا وأوكرانيا إلى الجزائر، ولهذا السبب أوفد الأمن الجزائري نهاية عام 2008 ضباط أمن للمشاركة في تأمين شحنات سلاح من روسيا. وطلبت الجزائر من موسكو تشديد الرقابة الأمنية على شحنات السلاح الموجهة إلى الجيش الجزائري، وعلى القطع البحرية الحربية التي يجري تجديدها في روسيا.


                    • Rafik Tadjer :

                      Mercredi 25 Mai 2011 -- Moussaïl Ismaïlov, ancien PDG de l'usine Aviaremsnab qui a fourni en 2006-2007 des pièces détachées usagées de MIG-29 destinées à l'Algérie, a été condamné à sept ans et demi de prison ferme, a annoncé ce mercredi 25 mai le porte-parole d’un tribunal de Moscou, cité par l’agence AFP. Il a été reconnu coupable d’escroquerie. Poursuivi pour «escroquerie à grande échelle», Moussaïl Ismaïlov avait entièrement reconnu sa culpabilité dès le début de l'enquête, selon la même source. L'usine de M. Ismaïlov a fourni des pièces détachées de MIG fabriquées entre 1982 et 1996 en les présentant comme des neuves dans les documents joints, qui ont été falsifiés, selon l'accusation. Il s’agit de la deuxième condamnation dans ce dossier. En mars dernier, le PDG d'une autre entreprise, Aviatechnoservis, à Nijni Novgorod (Volga), qui a fourni des pièces détachées de mauvaise qualité pour les MIG destinés à Alger, Vladimir Borissov, a été condamné à une peine de trois ans et dix mois de prison ferme.

                      En 2008, l’Algérie a annulé une commande de 34 chasseurs russes MIG-29 d’un montant de 1,3 milliard de dollars. L'accord a été dénoncé par la partie algérienne après la livraison des premiers avions. Ces derniers, présentés par les Russes comme étant neufs, présentaient en réalité plusieurs défauts et auraient été livrés avec des fuselages vieux de 15 ans, selon les techniciens algériens. Quinze appareils déjà livrés avaient été renvoyés en Russie, provoquant un léger froid dans les relations entre Alger et Moscou. L'Algérie, l’un des principaux clients de la Russie en matière d'armement, avait signé en 2006 lors de la visite de l’ex-président Vladimir Poutine un contrat de plus de 7 milliards de dollars. Il portait notamment sur l'acquisition de 28 chasseurs Su-30MKI (A), 34 MIG-29SMT, de 16 avions-écoles Iak-130, de quatre systèmes de missiles sol-air S-300PMU-2, de 38 missiles sol-air Pantsyr et de 185 chars T-90C. Les livraisons sont prévues pour 2011.


                      • Hakim Arous :

                        Lundi 6 Juin 2011 -- L'Algérie a entamé des négociations avec la société russe Rosvertol pour l'achat d'hélicoptères de combat Mi-28NE. C'est ce qu'a déclaré le directeur général de Rosvertol, Boris Slyusar, à l'agence russe Ria Novosti, ce lundi 6 juin. «Une proposition commerciale a déjà été envoyée à Alger et les discussions commenceront cette année. Nous espérons signer un contrat pour une livraison entre 2012 et 2017», a-t-il affirmé. Le Mi-28NE est un hélicoptère d'attaque qui a été récemment introduit dans l'armée russe. Il est équipé du système de missiles Ataka et d'un système de vision nocturne.


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