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  • Tunisie : Election présidentielle

    (j'aime bien celle-la... hihi)


  • #2

    August 1, 2008 -- Tunisia's ruling Constitutional Democratic Rally (RCD) unanimously elected President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali as party chairman Wednesday (July 30th) in Tunis, effectively nominating the 71-year old as the RCD candidate in next year's presidential election.

    Speaking to the 2,175 delegates gathered for the party congress, Ben Ali said he would accept the calls of Tunisian business and labour organisations which have invited him to run for his fifth term.

    "Let me say to you that I am always with you, faithful to my commitment. In response to your appeal, I proudly say: Yes, I will be your candidate for the presidential election of 2009," the 71-year-old said.

    Supporters of Ben Ali cite the economic stability and growth the country has achieved under his rule, which began following a bloodless coup on November 7th, 1987.

    The educational system has improved, Tunisian women have made important gains in their rights and no viable Islamist movement has taken root in the country, supporters add.

    Secretary-General of the pro-presidential Liberal Social Party, Mondher Thabet, renewed his party's support for Ben Ali's candidacy. He expressed appreciation for the RCD's success in leading the country to attain higher rankings, "thanks to the wise policy of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali." Secretary-Generals of the Popular Union Party and the Movement of Social Democrats also issued statements in support of Ben Ali’s candidacy.

    The Progressive Democratic Party (PDP), the Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties (FDTL) and other opposition parties, however, said they considered Ben Ali's move "an attempt to entrench presidency for life".

    Pan-Arab news website Elaph quoted opposition newspaper al-Mawkif editor Rachid Khechana as saying that President Ben Ali's decision is a "confirmation of political backwardness," adding that the Constitution as currently written impedes plurality in Tunisia.

    "[T]he Constitution...was amended in 2002 to make the number of presidential terms open; something which was considered by the opposition to be a return to the presidency for life which President Bourguiba approved in 1975 when he appointed himself as president for life in Tunisia."

    Khechana said that all indications show that Ben Ali would win a fifth term.

    "Everyone knows today that there are only four candidates who are allowed to run for the next election against President Ben Ali. However, only 15 days have been specified for the election campaigns of those candidates... How, then, can there by equal opportunities among candidates when one of them owns all the means and the media and political bodies, while the others are completely forgotten, and have no means at all to contact the citizens and present their programs and alternatives?"

    Presidential aspirant and editor-in-chief of al-Mawkif Ahmed Nejib Chebbi said that Ben Ali's plan to seek a fifth term ignored the desire of the Tunisian people. In a telephone interview with Echorouk on Wednesday, Chebbi called for a constitutional revision to limit presidential terms, noting that Ben Ali promised when he took office in 1987 that he would not seek a life presidency.

    A recently adopted temporary amendment to the election law bars Chebbi from running in the 2009 presidential election.

    In a statement to Reuters, political analyst Salheddine Jourchi said, "Ben Ali will run in the election and will win because there is no other candidate who can change the balance of power."

    "But the question is: will [Ben Ali's] announcement be an outlet to clean the political atmosphere by releasing political prisoners, improving freedom, and reviewing the pending files, such as the problem of the human rights league?"

    During his announcement, the president said there was a higher political will to protect human rights and reject "all forms of exaggeration, extremism and intolerance".

    Ben Ali won the 2004 presidential election with 94.4% of the vote.

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    • #3

      Samedi 2 aout 2008 -- Le président Zine Al-Abidine Ben Ali briguera un cinquième mandat à la tête de la Tunisie. L’annonce a été faite mercredi dernier à l’occasion d’un discours prononcé lors de l’ouverture du 5ème congrès du Rassemblement constitutionnel démocratique (RCD), le parti au pouvoir. L’opposition tunisienne a critiqué cette décision réclamant une alternance au pouvoir. «Oui, pour être votre candidat à l’élection présidentielle de 2009», a dit le président Ben Ali dans un discours, à l’ouverture du 5e congrès de son parti, le RCD. Le chef de l’Etat tunisien a été acclamé par des milliers de personnes, chantant l’hymne national et agitant son portrait au milieu des you-yous de militantes de son parti, dans une salle sécurisée et décorée aux couleurs rouge et blanc de la Tunisie. Le Comité central du RCD avait désigné dès février 2007 Zine Al-Abidine Ben Ali pour être son candidat à un nouveau mandat et lui a renouvelé son appel à postuler le 15 juillet dernier lors d’une ultime réunion du comité sortant du RCD qu’il dirige.

      Zine Al-Abidine Ben Ali, 72 ans en septembre prochain, est arrivé au pouvoir le 7 novembre 1987 en déposant pour cause de «sénilité» l’ancien président Habib Bourguiba, proclamé «président à vie» avant d’être écarté à 94 ans, alors que son pays était déchiré par une lutte intestine pour la succession et l’émergence de l’islamisme politique. Le nouveau président, ancien patron des services de sécurité tunisiens, avait pourtant modifié la constitution tunisienne en limitant à trois, les mandats du président de la République. Une réforme constitutionnelle en 2002 avait permis à Ben Ali de briguer un quatrième mandat. Le chef de l’Etat tunisien a été réélu en 2004 avec 94,49% des voix exprimées face à trois concurrents, issus de l’opposition parlementaire modérée. Ainsi modifiée, la Constitution supprimait la limitation à trois au maximum le nombre de mandats successifs, fixait l’âge limite à 75 ans pour le président et lui accordait l’immunité pénale à vie. Zine Al-Abidine Ben Ali est le deuxième président de la République tunisienne, 52 ans après l’indépendance du pays.

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      • #4

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        • #5

          TUNIS, November 7, 2008 -- President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali on Friday vowed to provide all the conditions to ensure that the presidential and parliamentary elections are transparent and fair next year, in a move that aims to stengthen democracy in the country.

          “We will provide all the necessary conditions to make sure these elections are held within a context of transparency, respect for the law, and high civic behavior,” said Ben Ali.

          The annoucement came Friday as Ben Ali chaired a meeting during which he delivered a major address on the occasion of the 21st anniversary of the November 7, 1987 Change.

          “We have invariably insisted on developing the electoral law in such a way as to consolidate the rights of candidates and ensure the integrity and smooth running of the electoral process,” said Ben Ali.

          “In line with this constant orientation, we give instructions for the review of the mode of organization of the recording and broadcasting sessions, in Tunisian Radio and Television, of addresses by presidential and legislative candidates during the electoral campaign, by granting the president of the Higher Communication Council or his duly-appointed representative, the prerogative of assessing the content of the recordings, and making sure they do not include any violations of the legal texts in force,” he added.

          The presidential and parliamentary elections are scheduled to take place during November 2009, where all opposition parties are expected to take part.

          “We are firmly determined to further promote political life in our country, by further anchoring democracy and pluralism, expanding the scope of participation, and fostering the role of civil society,” noted Ben Ali.

          “The democratic choice is indeed one of the firm principles upon which we have grounded our reform project. This choice emanates from our vision of comprehensive civilizational construction,” he continued.

          Opposition candidate Mohamed Bouchiha, Secretary General of the Popular Unity Party, has announced that he will run in the coming presidential election.

          Najib Chebbi, another opposition candidate of the Progressive Democratic Party had also announced running for the presidency, despite a constitutional amendment that prevents him from competing because he abandoned the leadership of his party.

          Ben Ali himself will run for the post of president, which held since 1987, after succeeding the former President Habib Bourguiba.

          “Our country is preparing to organize the forthcoming presidential and legislative elections. We will endeavor to surround this major event with all conditions of success, so that it reflects the degree of maturity our people has reached, and the level of political progress Tunisia has achieved in the process of anchoring democracy and pluralism,” said Ben Ali.

          “We have always endeavored to provide further guarantees to the electoral operation, at all stages, in order to ensure the integrity and transparency of elections, and that they truly reflect the people’s will,” he added.

          There eight small opposition parties in Tunisia, in addition to the ruling Democratic Constitutional Rally (RCD), which controls 80 percent of parliament's 189 seats.

          “We have opted for pluralism, proceeding from our conviction that diversity of opinions is a source of enrichment for public life, and does consolidate the national constants that unite all national forces, particularly political parties, be they in power or in the opposition,” Ben Ali said.

          “We have also adopted dialogue as a fundamental foundation in our democratic process, and invariably endeavored to expand its scope by organizing consultations on the major issues that are part of the national agenda,” he added.

          On the issue of freedom of the press, the Tunisian President Said: “We have continuously striven to promote public freedoms, particularly freedom of expression. We have taken various initiatives and measures to promote the media landscape and improve its performance, relying, in this endeavor, on the awareness of media professionals and their commitment to freedom of the press and to the ethics of the profession.”

          Ben Ali added: “We, in fact, consider these ethics among the guarantees of freedom and the foundations of democratic behavior that is sometimes transgressed by some, especially by intruders into this profession and those who are accustomed to disseminating false allegations and trying to undermine the country’s higher interests.”

          On the subject of solidarity, Ben Ali noted: “Disseminating the value of solidarity, and laying the foundations for a mutually supportive society, are indeed among our national gains, proceeding from a vision that considers this noble ethical value as the basis for providing adequate conditions ensuring society’s balance, stability and cohesion, and for guaranteeing the right of all to share in the fruits of development and to enjoy a decent life.”

          Ben Ali stressed the importance of women’s role in Tunisia, saying: “reliance on women is a strategic choice in which our appreciation of the degree of maturity they have reached and the evolution of their role falls in line with our vision of democracy and human rights, and of development in its comprehensive meanings and various dimensions.”

          “We reaffirm that women are full-fledged partners in achieving democracy and development. We are keen to make sure Tunisian women remain a brilliant illustration of our country’s modernity and our people’s progress,” he added.

          On the economy the Tunisian President said: “The qualitative change our country has achieved in all fields is the result of a comprehensive and balanced development process that has provided the national economy with the necessary attributes to reach, with eligibility and capability, the level of advanced countries.”

          “Today, we are about to enter the last year of our Electoral Program 2004-2009. We have implemented, before the due dates, almost all the objectives set in most of the 21 points of this Program,” he continued.

          “In 2006, on the celebration of the 50th anniversary of Independence, we announced a set of ambitious strategic objectives for Tunisia to be achieved by 2016, in the forefront of which decreasing the unemployment rate by 4 points, increasing the per capita income twofold to reach 8,000 dinars, promoting promising sectors with high knowledge-based content, by bringing up their share of GDP from 20% to 35% in 2016, increasing threefold the network of highways, and enhancing the national economic scene so that it becomes an important pole for foreign direct investment,” he added.

          On the issue of unemployment, Ben Ali said: “We have thus managed to continuously bring down the unemployment rate which stands at 14% this year.”

          He added: “Unemployment has not, in fact, intensified, except for holders of higher education diplomas, given the continuous increase of the number of university graduates each year. Though it puts pressure on the job market, we are proud of this increase, which we consider a sign of our country’s progress and modernity, especially that, this year, we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Tunisian University.”

          “As we have always asserted, employment remains our top priority. Having managed to increase job creations to 80,000 each year, and to increase nearly five-fold the number of recruits having a higher education level during the period 1987-2007, we are determined to further promote employment, especially for those graduating from the systems of education and training,” he said.

          Ben Ali noted: “Since the Change, the average per capita income has increased to reach, in 2008, nearly 5,000 dinars. The promising sectors’ share of GDP reached 23.5%. Foreign direct investments have considerably increased, their volume having exceeded this year 2,800 million dinars.”

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          • #6

            November 30, 2008 -- Tunisia's Party of People's Unity (PUP) and Unionist Democratic Union (UDU) announced their candidates for the presidential elections in 2009, TAP reported on Friday (November 28th). The PUP's central council decided at a meeting Friday that Secretary-General Mohamed Bouchiha will run for the 2009 presidential election. UDU Secretary-General Ahmed Innoubli will also represent his party in the elections.

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            • #7

              December 11, 2008 -- In a bid to lure votes and increase their exposure, presidential candidates in Tunisia are taking their campaigns to the pages of popular social networking website Facebook.

              At least two candidates, Mohamed Bouchiha of the People's Unity Party (PUP) and Ahmed Nejib Chebbi of the Progressive Democratic Party (PDP), have created their own pages on the website to campaign in the October 2009 elections.

              "The use of these new communication tools", said Adel Kadri, head of the political training committee in the People's Unity Party, "along with the 'Progress for All' slogan, was the primary reason behind the good results we achieved in the previous elections, which witnessed for the first time in the history of the nascent Tunisian democracy the exceeding of the 3 % mark in the number of votes given to an opposition candidate."

              Using Facebook is considered a novelty in the Tunisian political arena. While candidates have employed phone text messaging and their own websites to campaign, the popular social network was never before used as a platform for presidential elections.

              Although the PUP and the PDP were the first to formally integrate Facebook into their campaigns, supporters of current President Zein El Abidine Ben Ali have created their own group on Facebook to advocate for another term. Ettajdid movement is also planning to start a page on the website to promote their candidate Ahmed Ibrahim.

              "I think that all the available modern means of communication will be used to get our message across to the public," said Sofiene Chourabi, a journalist from the Ettajdid’s Tarik Jadid newspaper.

              Chebbi, who is running despite being disqualified by a recent electoral law change, said he first created his own website to campaign, "but it was blocked by the censorship," he said. He then turned to Facebook, "where the censorship is not tight. It's also an interactive website". His party has also sent 11,000 text messages to voters so far.

              Presidential candidates receive state support to promote their agenda. Each gets about 200,000 dinars plus free (but limited) time on the state-owned media institutions.

              Internet campaigning may be less costly, but experts and observers believe it will not be as effective as traditional media.

              Moez Zayoud, a professor of media in the Institute of Journalism and News Sciences, downplayed the effect Facebook campaigning will have on voter turnout.

              "The number of Tunisian subscribers in this website up to last week didn't exceed 130,000 people. Most of those are young people who joined the website for other goals other than political goals. In addition, the majority of Tunisians don't have computers or internet subscriptions, especially the people of rural areas who strongly take part in voting."

              However Zayoud said that over time, "people will recognize the importance of this website and the other websites for political and media promotion".

              Tarek ben Mahmoud, a student, saw Facebook campaigning as "interesting and new".

              "However", he said, "you have to take a quick look on the dialogues exchanged between Tunisians to understand that the issue of next election doesn't interest them at all, as if it will be held in another country other Tunisia."

              Fellow student Bouthaina ben Amor said that Facebook could be a good option for the Tunisian opposition "to promote themselves in the virtual world after they failed to do so in the real world".

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              • #8

                March 23, 2009 -- Ettajdid (Renewal) Movement opposition party leader Ahmed Brahim officially announced his candidature Sunday (March 22nd) for Tunisia's presidency, AFP reported. The agency quoted Brahim, 62, as calling for the establishment of a national commission to supervise the presidential elections next October. He will face current President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and two leaders of moderate opposition parties: Mohammed Bouchiha of the Popular Unity Party (PUP) and Ahmed Inoubli of the Unionist Democratic Union (UDU).

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                • #9

                  March 26, 2009 -- One more candidate has joined the presidential race in Tunisia, giving voters more promises and plans to consider before cast their ballots in October.

                  Ahmed Brahim, Secretary-General of the leftist secular Ettajdid Movement (Renewal Movement) announced on Sunday (March 22nd) that he will stand for election, bringing the number of candidates to four plus current President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

                  "The upcoming elections are going to be a new beginning to the change in our democratic life," Brahim told supporters in a conference Sunday. "The road should be paved first for such a step, through amending the electoral code in a manner that allows for fair competition between all parties."

                  Brahim – a 63-year-old retired professor of comparative linguistics – spoke out against what he called "unequal" competition.

                  "Let everyone know that competition will take place among peers, unequal as they may be, and despite the abundant financial resources that the current president has access to," he said.

                  In his platform, Brahim also advocates legal reform to ensure a more transparent process.

                  "The electoral code needs to be revised in a manner that allows for reducing the number of balloting offices, and withdrawing the draft law that seeks to enforce prior supervision on the electoral data of candidates engaged in presidential and legislative elections," he said in the conference.

                  Brahim's concerns about the financial abilities of the candidates and other issues in the electoral code may find a sympathetic ear.

                  Nevertheless, President Ben Ali on Independence Day pledged that the government would do its best to make sure the presidential and legislative elections will be "a significant landmark in Tunisian history... they will be transparent, abide by the law and conform to rules of democracy."

                  Brahim and four other candidates will challenge the Ben Ali in October: Mohamed Bouchiha, Secretary-General of the Party of People's Unity; Mohamed Inoubli, leader of the Unionist Democratic Union; Maya Jribi, Secretary-General of the Progressive Democratic Party; and Ahmed Nejib Chebbi, who announced he'd be representing the Progressive Democratic Party in the elections, although he was banned from nomination.

                  Two left-wing opposition parties, the Leftist Socialist Party and the Communist Party of Tunisian Workers, have already declared support for Brahim.

                  Also, a group of independent leftists created an initiative inside Ettajdid to provide support for Brahim. They called it the National Initiative for Democracy and Progress."

                  According to members, the new group will "make use of available resources in the battle to express the interests of public opinion and of the people, versus the ongoing state of closure".

                  "He is the opposition candidate with the greatest credibility," said Abderrazek Hammami, of the unrecognised Patriotic and Democratic Labour Party about Brahim. "What we want out of these elections is to save people from the routine and frustration."

                  Saloua Ayachi, speaking on behalf of the independents, said that their participation in the elections, although they predict Ben Ali will win, will carry a message.

                  "Our participation is an opportunity to tell those in charge that we are here and that it is about time for that wall of silence to come down."

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                  • #10

                    April 14, 2009 -- Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties (FDTL) leader Mustapha Ben Jaafar announced his candidature for the Tunisian presidency on Monday (April 13th), local and international press reported. Four other candidates plan to challenge Tunisian President Zine El Abedine Ben Ali in the October elections: Ahmed Inoubli of the Unionist Democratic Union (UDU), Popular Unity Party (PUP) chief Mohamed Bouchiha, Ahmed Brahim of the Ettajdid movement and Néjib Chebbi of the Progressive Democratic Party (PDP).

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                    • #11

                      April 23, 2009 -- Tunisian opposition Progressive Democratic Party (PDP) leader Maya Jribi called for monitoring missions to observe the presidential and parliamentary elections in October 2009, Afrik.com reported on Wednesday (April 22nd). The Ettajdid (Renewal) Movement, whose Secretary-General Ahmed Brahim is among the presidential candidates, recently issued a similar call.

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                      • #12

                        May 22, 2009 -- Months before the October presidential elections, the Tunisian street is already speculating on the winner.

                        Some politicians and political analysts predict President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali will win, given his long time in office and the resources he can mobilise for his campaign, yet others insist that the elections will provide equal chances so that any of the five candidates can sweep the votes.

                        It may be too early to predict, but both sides have a point to make.

                        "President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali relies on a strong party that has bases across the entire Tunisian soil," said political analyst Salah Ataia, "something that will enable him to launch a strong campaign with known mechanisms that a party in office possesses."

                        It is a fact Ben Ali for which should not be blamed, according to Ataia. "On the other hand, we find divided opposition parties that have wasted the chance to ally and participate with a common agenda. Elections in all countries are the cap of a political and media battle that extends for years. However, in Tunisia, party activities are few and slow."

                        Khalid Haddad, founder of a website specialising in politics, agreed with Ataia. "There are certain factors that can't be ignored," he said. "The first factor is related to President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, candidate of the ruling party, and his decisive and historical roles in the march of the country, achieving stability and the many gains that have been made. [Though these] hide certain shortcomings in some fields, such as the inequality of distribution of the fruits of national wealth and the slowness of political development in the country, in my opinion, this is a natural in all human experiences."

                        Another factor, Haddad said, is the popularity of the Ben Ali's party, the Constitutional Democratic Rally, and its ability to mobilise in such events.

                        Other political analysts and politicians, on the other hand, said that people still have to weigh their demands with the candidates' agendas, making it unclear who will win.

                        Muhammed Bouchiha, Secretary-General of the People's Union Party (PUP) and one of the candidates, said that he is running to win and not solely to make a political point.

                        "I will take part in the elections based on a different electoral platform from that of my contender," Bouchiha said. "I think that the competition will be serious because I don't believe that a political party wouldn't have the ambition to come to office."

                        In late March, Ahmed Ibrahim, from the Attajdid Movement party, announced that he would take part in the elections. Before scores of his supporters, Ibrahim shouted, "The competition will be on equal footing."

                        But later, Ibrahim complained about what he considered "the control of the ruling party of all fields in the state" and "the imbalance of power between the contenders".

                        Khalid Haddad said that the electoral process itself might confuse voters.

                        "There are some people who say that they will run to compete against Ben Ali on an equal footing. I think that this is a sort of manipulation of voters' feelings to deceive them into believing in something that is not currently possible, which is the ability and readiness of the opposition to rule the country."

                        In the end, Haddad added, this will help the democratic process, "because it is likely that it will have very important political ramifications and reflections concerning the political map of the country in the future and the balance of power between the ruling party on the one hand and the opposition on the other."

                        The street is still undecided on this argument. Some Tunisians say they are not interested to discuss the elections this early.

                        "I don't know the date of elections in order to comment on the candidates," said Meriam Talmoudi, a young woman in her twenties. "All that I know is that Ben Ali is one of the candidates."

                        Meanwhile, Nader Mathlouthi, who first refused to comment, said "What will my opinion change in what's happening? What is this huge number of candidates for?"

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                        • #13

                          Samedi 23 Mai 2009 -- L’élection présidentielle prévue en octobre prochain en Tunisie se veut plus ouverte. Zine Al Abidine Ben Ali, qui entend succéder à lui-même, a consenti à plus de compétiteurs. Sa “magnanimité” s’arrête là. Pas d’ouverture dans les médias. Lors d'une conférence de presse, Ahmed Brahim d’Ettajdid, une formation de l'opposition légale et de personnalités indépendantes, a tiré la sonnette d'alarme contre l'ostracisme dont il se dit victime de la part des médias publics. Le numéro un de l’ex-parti communiste de Tunisie est candidat à la présidentielle de l’automne prochain. Son grief est partagé par tous les prétendants en compétition contre le président Zine Al Abidine qui rebelote. Ils exigent un traitement sur un pied d'égalité avec le chef de l'État. Ce n’est pas une nouveauté : en Tunisie, comme dans les autres pays à régime autoritariste, y compris dans les démocraties de façade, les prétendants hors système sont systématiquement exclus de la télévision, qui reste monopolisée de façon quasi absolue par le ticket gagnant, l’ex-président qui se représente ou le candidat désigné pour lui succéder. Ahmed Brahim va jusqu’à préconiser une réforme radicale de l'ensemble du système de l'information tunisien et la mise en place d'un “observatoire national de la liberté de la presse et d'expression”. “Il n'est pas normal que le secteur de l'information reste dans l'état où il est, un état d'arriération, de verrouillage, de monopole total, soumis entièrement au pouvoir exécutif. Jusqu'à quand va-t-on continuer à avoir une information aussi fermée, aussi médiocre, aussi unilatérale ?”, a déploré cet universitaire de 62 ans. Un autre pavé dans la mare de Zine Al Abidine, régulièrement malmené par les ONG de journalistes et des droits de l’homme. Dialogue de sourds. Pour le régime tunisien, ce sont des allégations sans fondement, “l'État ne cesse de prendre des mesures visant à consacrer davantage les fondements d'un véritable pluralisme médiatique et politique”. Zine Al Abidine peut toujours se targuer que la plupart des journaux tunisiens sont édités par le secteur privé, mais comme ailleurs dans les pays à système identique, la marge de manœuvre de ces médias reste très étroite. La censure n’est plus directe comme au bon vieux temps des partis uniques.

                          En réalité et pour revenir à la prochaine présidentielle, d’aucuns se demandent que pourra faire l’opposition face à un président qui va concourir pour un cinquième mandat ? Comme ses pairs arabes et africains, le président tunisien, âgé de 71 ans, a déclaré, à l’annonce de sa candidature, être honoré par les appels des organisations qui l'ont invité à se mettre en quête d'un cinquième mandat. Ses partisans invoquent la stabilité économique et la croissance que le pays a obtenues sous sa gouvernance, qui avait débuté par un coup d'État sans effusion de sang le 7 novembre 1987. Le système éducatif s'est amélioré, les femmes ont franchi des pas importants dans la jouissance de leurs droits, et aucun mouvement islamique viable n'a pris racine dans le pays, disent-ils, et c’est vrai. Ettajdid, le Parti démocratique progressiste (PDP), le Forum démocratique pour le travail et les libertés (FDTL) et d'autres mouvements d'opposition disent, toutefois, que l'initiative prise par Zine Al Abidine réinstaure la présidence à vie. La Constitution a été amendée en 2002 afin d'ouvrir le nombre des mandats présidentiels. Et Zine Al Abidine n’aura fait que copier Bourguiba qui avait fait approuver en 1975 la présidence à vie mais qu’il s’est vu écourter par le coup d’État fomenté par Zine Al Abidine. Zine Al Abidine V a promis la clarification de l'atmosphère politique tunisienne en rendant la liberté à des prisonniers politiques, en augmentant les libertés. Bref, rejeter toute forme d'exagération, d'extrémisme et d'intolérance. Promesses ? Il reste qu’il a encore amendé la Constitution pour permettre à l’opposition légale de concourir contre lui. Ce qui va probablement changer, c’est peut- être le taux de sa victoire annoncée. Il ne fera pas les 94% de 2004 puisqu’il doit concéder quelques points à ses rivaux pour faire bonne figure.

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                          • #14

                            June 1, 2009 -- The long-time chief of Tunisia's Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties (FDTL) party, Mustapha Ben Jaafar, will run next October in the country's presidential elections, AFP reported on Sunday (May 31st). Ben Jaafar, 69, has led the FDTL since its 1994 inception. The party has no representatives in parliament.

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                            • #15

                              June 10, 2009 -- The Movement of Socialist Democrats (MDS) on Tuesday (June 9th) voiced support for Tunisia President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali's candidature in the upcoming presidential elections, Tunisia Online reported.

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