Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

Tunisie : Election présidentielle

Collapse
X
 
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • #31

    Dimanche 18 Octobre 2009 -- Les élections présidentielle et législatives tunisiennes ont démarré hier en Algérie à 8h00 simultanément dans les cinq bureaux de vote ouverts, apprend-on du service de presse de l’ambassade tunisienne à Alger. La même source nous révèle que les différentes régions du centre, de l’ouest et du sud de l’Algérie couvriront en tout 28 wilayas. En effet, les 32 bureaux ont ouvert à l’heure arrêtée dans les trois circonscriptions consulaires d’Alger, d’Annaba, et de Tébessa ainsi qu’à Oran, Sidi Bel Abbés, Tipaza et Ksar El-Boukhari relevant de la wilaya de Médéa. À souligner que les membres de la communauté tunisienne en Algérie (15 910 personnes immatriculées à l’ambassade) ont répondu massivement à l’appel de leurs autorités pour accomplir leur devoir électoral. «Au bureau de vote d’Alger, ouvert au siège de l’ambassade, les membres de la communauté tunisienne ont exprimé dans une ambiance de fête leur fierté d’accomplir leur devoir électoral en toute liberté et manifesté leur attachement inconditionnel à la Tunisie», a tenu à nous signaler une source autorisée de la représentation diplomatique tunisienne en Algérie, ajoutant que le nombre des inscrits est de 12 961. Le vote à l’étranger se poursuivra jusqu’au samedi 23 octobre. En France, des centres de vote ont été ouverts dès 8 heures, notamment à Paris et Lyon. En Allemagne, les villes de Dusseldorf et de Bonn étaient aussi du rendez-vous. La même ambiance de fête était perceptible à Bruxelles, à Beyrouth, au Caire, à Damas et dans les territoires palestiniens. Dans le souci de permettre aux Tunisiens vivant à l’étranger de s’acquitter de leur devoir électoral, toutes les mesures administratives et réglementaires nécessaires ont été prises afin de faciliter l’opération de vote et pour que le scrutin se déroule dans les meilleures conditions, a-t-on affirmé. Il faut dire que les différentes formations politiques en Tunisie engagées dans ces élections tablent beaucoup sur ce réservoir électoral. Lors de la campagne électorale, les partis ont clairement affiché leur volonté à polariser le regain d’intérêt qui touche les Tunisiens à l’étranger. Des partis qui s’activent déjà à promouvoir leurs idées et programme pour gagner ces voix déterminantes le jour du scrutin.

    Comment


    • #32

      October 18, 2009 -- Tunisians residing abroad began voting on Saturday (October 17th) in the presidential and legislative elections. Some 455 polling stations in 84 countries will allow Tunisian expatriates to vote for the 5th time since 1987, InfoTunisie reported. The national referendum is scheduled for October 25th.

      Comment


      • #33
        Ibtissem Zaoui :


        Mercredi 21 Octobre 2009 -- À quelques jours des présidentielles du 25 octobre, une chape de plomb s’est abattue sur la Tunisie. Le régime du président Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, 73 ans, candidat pour un cinquième mandat, ferme le pays et empêche les opposants de s’exprimer. Mardi, la présidente de l’Association Tunisienne de Lutte contre la Torture (ALTT), Me Radhia Nasraoui, a été empêchée de quitter le territoire tunisien pour se rendre en France où elle devait participer à une rencontre organisée par le Parlement européen sur la situation des droits de l’Homme en Tunisie. Selon le réseau Euro-méditerranéen des droits de l’Homme (REMDH) qui a dénoncé cette interdiction, Me Radhia Nasraoui « s’est présentée mardi 20 octobre dans la matinée à l’aéroport de Tunis d’où elle devait embarquer pour la France ». « Après enregistrement de son bagage et remise de sa carte d’embarquement, les agents de la police des frontières l’ont informé qu’elle faisait l’objet d’une interdiction de quitter le territoire », a ajouté le REMDH. La police tunisienne a justifié cette interdiction par l’existence d’une plainte qui aurait été déposée en 2008 contre Me Nasraoui par une personne inconnue, selon REMDH. Les autorités tunisiennes ont refusé de donner davantage d’informations sur cette procédure. Le même jour, une journaliste du quotidien français Le Monde a été refoulée à son arrivée à l’aéroport de Tunis. La journaliste souhaitait couvrir les élections du 25 octobre. « Il s’agit d’une décision souveraine prise par les autorités tunisiennes », vis-à-vis d’une journaliste qui « a toujours fait preuve de malveillance patente à l’égard de la Tunisie et de partis pris systématiquement hostiles », a justifié le gouvernement tunisien. Pourtant, le président sortant Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, 73 ans, candidat pour un cinquième quinquennat, a promis des élections « libres, honnêtes et transparentes » au début de la campagne, qui s'achèvera samedi. Mais les précédents scrutins, l’issue de cette élection ne fait aucun doute.

        Comment


        • #34

          October 22, 2009 -- Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali's campaign for a fifth term has sparked strong reactions from both supporters and opponents, with many calling his re-election a foregone conclusion. Advocates of a fifth term hail what they call Tunisia's substantial leap in terms of social and infrastructure development, as well as economic growth. They claim that Ben Ali's programmes have turned the country into a pioneering example in the Arab and African spheres. The president's foes, meanwhile, point to what they call his grave mistakes, and list the ways in which he has allegedly failed Tunisians who were hoping for improvements. As evidence they cite soaring unemployment rates among university graduates and alleged erosion of civil liberties, all in the context of supposed attempts by the president's Democratic Constitutional Rally party to dominate politics and civil society.

          "The absence of public freedoms, the monopoly by the existing authority of the public media outlets, the dependence of the judiciary on the government, and the presidential institution's domination of state institutions, have all led to a complete standstill in the political field," the former secretary general of the Progressive Democratic Party, Ahmed Nejib Chebbi, told Magharebia from Paris. Other Tunisians seem resigned to Ben Ali's continued political dominance, asserting that the president's strength lies in the weakness of his opponents. With no strong opposition party to formulate policies benefitting the average Tunisian, many analysts expect Ben Ali to sweep the election. Arrayed against Ben Ali in the presidential race are Mohamed Bouchiha (Party of People's Unity), Ahmed Innoubli (Unionist Democratic Union) and Ahmed Ibrahim (Ettajdid Movement).

          Despite the criticism he faces, Ben Ali has many vocal supporters. Mondher Thabet, the head of the Social Liberal Party, has openly declared his endorsement of the incumbent. "President Ben Ali has proven that he is really a president for all Tunisians, and that he's the guarantor of the progress of the reform project, and the only supporter of plurality," said Thabet. "Therefore, the Social Liberal Party's assessment is that the transitional period is still ongoing, and that Tunisia needs President Ben Ali to be the head of state." Even Mohamed Moaada, a former secretary general of the opposition Movement of Socialist Democrats and at times an ardent critic of Ben Ali, is dismayed by the current state of the Tunisian opposition. "We confirm our position that calls for making President Ben Ali the candidate of national accord," he said. "The circumstances dictate it, and so do the interests of Tunisia."

          Ben Ali has presented a 24-point platform that includes raising Tunisian living standards and addressing the issue of employment. He has also promised to encourage democratic reform. To boost his candidacy, the incumbent can point to several reports that applaud Tunisia for good governance and a strong economic performance. Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government recently ranked Tunisia first in North Africa for good governance, granting it 100 out of 100 points for security, 89 points for human development and 70.5 points for transparency and rule of law. In addition, Tunisia has the most competitive economy in Africa, according to the World Economic Forum in Davos, which ranked Tunisia 40th in the world.

          In terms of enthusiasm, Ben Ali's party loyalists are well-prepared for the election. "I think that President Ben Ali [gives] real support to [ordinary Tunisians] … We have seen this on more than one occasion, because he didn't look down on Tunisians and didn't hesitate to help whoever needed it," said Democratic Constitutional Rally member Meriem Mliti. Chouaki Jelassi, another member of the ruling party, said Ben Ali "is the only one who can push Tunisia forward and realise the dream of its people to reach the ranks of developed and modern countries. I'm proud to vote for Ben Ali."

          Comment


          • #35

            October 22, 2009 -- As Tunisia's presidential and legislative elections approach, ordinary citizens, especially young people, are hoping the outcomes will have a positive effect on everything from the media to employment opportunities. As the presidential election on Sunday (October 25th) draws near, voters are watching as the four candidates shuttle between Tunis and other cities to connect with supporters and promote their platforms. Candidates running for seats in the Chamber of Deputies are also doing their last-minute campaigning in the run-up to the Friday legislative elections.

            All four candidates for president – incumbent President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (Democratic Constitutional Rally), Ahmed Innoubli (Unionist Democratic Union), Mohamed Bouchiha (Popular Unity Party) and Ahmed Ibrahim (Ettajdid Movement) – vow to advance democracy, create more job opportunities and pay more attention to young people's concerns. Finding employment remains a high priority for young voters. "Regardless of which candidate wins, my main concern is finding a job," said Nizar Ben Amna, a law school graduate from Tunis. Sirin, who holds a degree in geography, echoed Ben Amna's sentiment. "I have been jobless for the past three years," she said. "My top priority is to find a job." Figures released by the Tunisian government indicate that unemployment hovers around 14%. In the speech kicking off his campaign, President Ben Ali said that creating job opportunities is his top priority.

            Beyond unemployment concerns, some Tunisians are worried about the massive changes affecting today's youth, and say the government needs to focus more on the younger generation. Radia Mouelhi believes that youth are struggling to make sense of foreign influences, such as women wearing hijab, that have been changing Tunisian society. "Despite the huge numbers of studies and statistics on youth and their expectations, we still notice many phenomena that are foreign to Tunisian society," she said. "This only shows that the government has been unable to find convenient solutions. Therefore, we hope that candidates will … adopt well-defined strategies to address those issues."

            Others feel that Tunisia's infrastructure and key industries, such as health care, should be a higher priority. "I believe it would have been better if the campaign funds were spent on building hospitals and institutions in order to improve people's lives and employ youth," said Fattah, a factory worker. As the elections approach, groups of young Tunisians can be seen gathering at areas designated for campaign materials, checking out posters and platforms. Other groups are met by parades of party loyalists, who sometimes stop and explain their positions.

            Still, there are some who view the approaching elections with a sense of apathy. "Actually, I care more about a football match in which my favourite team wins, or a party at a café," said Nizar, a young man in his twenties. "Aside from that, I could not care less. I don't even know the date of the elections." The emphasis by all candidates on the need to advance democracy has attracted attention from many voters. "I hope these are not just slogans that vanish with the end of the elections," said Jalal Rafiq, an employee at a Tunis-based company. "Everyone seems to be talking about the same things, such as the development of the media. We're just hoping that these goals will actually be realised."

            Comment


            • #36
              Bassam Bounenni:


              October 24, 2009 -- Tunisia's opposition has never been so divided. Two of the most influential official parties, the Progressive Democratic party (PDP) and the Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties (FTDL), are boycotting tomorrow's election, while the Ettajdid (Renewal) movement is still in the running, despite considerable restrictions. Non-recognised opposition parties, including the Islamist Ennahda movement, the Communist Party of Tunisian Workers (PCOT) and the Congress for the Republic (CPR), called its participation "irresponsible". The debate on participation has been focused on the electoral system, which doesn't permit opposition parties to achieve a breakthrough. President Ben Ali's Democratic Constitutional Rally (RCD), the ruling party, has such a stranglehold on the political arena that, since 1999, it has given 25% of the parliamentary seats to carefully-selected members of the opposition, to maintain a semblance of pluralism.

              The ruling elite maintains supremacy through smear campaigns and harassment of opponents. For "loyal" opposition parties, political life becomes easier but not better. As for the genuine opposition, it maintains that it has no chance of taking its political message to a wider audience, as the ruling establishment mercilessly crushes protest groups. In one respect, though, both regime and opposition suffer from the same problem. While Ben Ali has kept up a de facto president-for-life system for the last 22 years, no new leadership has emerged within the opposition parties, either. In fact, apart from Maya Jeribi, who succeeded Ahmed Nejib Chabbi as the PDP's leader, the average age of opposition leaders is close to 70 years. Ben Ali himself is 73.

              The opposition, meanwhile, is divided over its attitudes to the regime and Islamism. One bloc – which includes Ettajdid, the PDP and the FTDL – is willing to co-operate with the RCD and sees this as a possible way to strengthen its presence. The second bloc (Ennahdha, the PCOT and the CPR) favours a complete split with the regime and seeks to pull the rug from under the RCD's feet by peaceful means. Opposition leaders are also divided on political Islam. Both Ettajdid and the FTDL, cornerstones of the leftist opposition, agree with Ben Ali's policy of shutting out the Ennahdha movement, while the PCOT is dithering over how to deal with what was seen as the most important political counterbalance during the early years of Ben Ali's rule. The PDP and the CPR, meanwhile, do not reject dealing with the Islamists; both parties favour better understanding, if not a possible rapprochement. Tunisian laws clearly forbid the inclusion of religious parties in the political system, even though influential western thinktanks regard the Ennahdha movement as one of the most peaceful Islamist groups in the Arab world. The government has wielded the threat of terrorism but tolerated politically "neutral" salafists, a policy that proved ineffective.

              Compared to political protest groups in neighbouring countries, the Tunisian opposition is still very weak. The Egyptian Kifaya movement, for example, is one of the few consensual protest groups in an Arab country. Recently, major members of this coalition, which includes Islamists, communists and nationalists, launched an initiative to oppose a presidential succession by Hosni Mubarak's son Gamal. The initiative is led by the al-Ghad party's relatively young leader, the former presidential candidate Ayman Nour. And therein is the root of the problem. In Tunisia, leadership reform is essential – not only within the ruling elite but also within the opposition parties. It's the only way to reach a new political modus vivendi that will turn Tunisia into a democracy. Meanwhile, the opposition will remain a hostage of the regime and a prisoner of its own leaders.

              Comment


              • #37

                Comment


                • #38

                  Dimanche 25 Octobre 2009 -- Quelque 5,5 millions d’élec-teurs tunisiens vont se rendre aujourd’hui aux urnes pour choisir celui qui présidera, pendant cinq ans, aux destinées de leur pays. Avec le dernier amendement de la loi électorale, le corps électoral s’est agrandi de 480 000 électeurs. Face à ses trois adversaires qui, faut-il le préciser, ne se font pas trop d’illusions, le président Ben Ali l’emportera sans aucun doute et haut la main. Tout le monde, ici, le donne d’ailleurs comme archifavori. Le seul qui fait un peu d’ombre à la domination presque totale de la présente élection est le chef de file du parti communiste Etajdid, Ahmed Ibrahim, qui avant et pendant la campagne, veut jouer d’“égal à égal” avec le candidat Ben Ali, même s’il sait que ses chances de l’emporter sont minimes. Pour nombre d’observateurs, la seule grande inconnue du scrutin d’aujourd’hui est le taux avec lequel M. Ben Ali sera réélu. Si la première élection pluraliste de l’histoire de la Tunisie – celle de 1999 – il l’avait remportée avec 99,44%, le président Ben Ali a été réélu en 2004 en s’adjugeant 94,49% des suffrages. Passera-t-il cette fois-ci encore la barre des 90% ? Au vu de l’atmosphère qui règne ici à Tunis, la réponse fuse d’elle-même : oui. Et, pour gagner les faveurs des électeurs tunisiens, il joue la carte du bilan de ses 22 ans de règne à la tête du pays. Au bord de la faillite en 1987, date à laquelle il a évincé le grand militant nationaliste Habib Bourguiba à la santé chancelante, la Tunisie est devenue aujourd’hui un véritable pays émergent que d’aucuns surnomment le dragon de l’Afrique. Durant deux décennies, elle réalise un taux moyen de croissance de 5%. Sur le plan compétitivité économique, le Forum mondial de Davos a classé la Tunisie à la 36e place sur 132 pays et 1re en Afrique et dans le monde arabe. Autre prouesse, parmi beaucoup d’autres, à mettre à l’actif de Ben Ali : en matière de qualité du système éducatif, la Tunisie a damé le pion à des pays européens comme la France, l’Allemagne l’Espagne, etc. Et ce bilan positif à plus d’un titre, même si certaines parties trouvent à redire sur le plan des droits de l’Homme et de la liberté d’expression, sert de véritable carburant à la machine électorale qu’est le Rassemblement constitutionnel démocratique (RCD) fort de plus de 2 millions d’adhérents. Un RCD qui, selon un observateur, est bien parti pour rafler les 75% des 190 sièges en jeu lors des élections législatives qui se tiendront en même temps que la présidentielle. Car, et c’est une particularité du système électoral tunisien, les 25% des sièges restants sont réservés d’office à l’opposition. En tout cas, en plus du RCD, pas moins de 8 partis d’opposition sont entrés en lice. Seul le parti démocratique progressiste (PDP), une formation de gauche a refusé d’y prendre part. Grosso modo, les partis qui prendront part aux législatives vont présenter quelque 165 listes de candidats sans compter bien sûr les 15 listes indépendantes.

                  Comment


                  • #39

                    October 25, 2009 -- Over 5 million Tunisian registered voters are expected to vote on Sunday (October 25th) in the presidential and parliamentary elections, local and international press reported. Incumbent President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, 73, is being challenged by Mohamed Bouchiha, 61, of the Party of Popular Unity Party (PUP), Ahmed Inoubli, 51, of the Democratic Unionist Union (UDU) and Ahmed Brahim of Ettajdid (Renewal). The ruling Constitutional Democratic Rally and seven opposition parties will vie for the legislative seats. Speaking Saturday night on national television, Ben Ali assured voters that the campaigns were "conducted within the framework of the law and democratic principles".

                    Comment


                    • #40

                      October 26, 2009 -- Incumbent President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and the ruling Democratic Constitutional Rally (RCD) scored sweeping victories Sunday (October 25th) in Tunisia's presidential and legislative elections. Ben Ali secured his fifth 5-year presidential term by winning 89.62% of the ballot. Even with a reported voter turnout of 89%, (4.7 million out of 5.29 million registered voters), the three challengers trailed far behind; Party of Popular Unity Party (PUP) candidate Mohamed Bouchiha received 5.01%, Ahmed Inoubli of the Democratic Unionist Democratic Union (UDU) won 3.8 % and Ahmed Brahim of Ettajdid (Renewal) Movement received 1.57% of the vote. The win "confirms the attachment of the Tunisian people, whether men or women, inside or outside Tunisia, to President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali", Tunis Afrique Presse editorialised.

                      Many voters said they expected a Ben Ali victory. "Do you think I was surprised with the result?" asked Maher Neghmouchi. "The contenders of Ben Ali were too weak," he added. "Most of them are not even known to the ordinary people." Sana ben Hamida, who spoke with Magharebia at a Tunis polling station, said she voted for Ahmed Brahim "out of principle and nothing else". After casting her ballot, she added, "I believe that he won't win."

                      On Friday, five NGOs complained that Ben Ali and his Democratic Constitutional Rally had received disproportionate media coverage. Field monitoring of seven daily newspapers "showed that President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali presidential campaign received 97.23% of the coverage space, while the other three candidates shared, with a bit of variance, the remaining coverage", the NGOs claimed. As to the parliamentary election, the report claimed that the "ruling party dominated the coverage". The National Observatory for Elections countered that the NGO allegations were groundless. Observatory chief Abdelwaheb El Behi asserted to Magharebia that the election was conducted under normal and smooth conditions. The Observatory received about 10 complaints of "organisational problems" he said, adding that they were quickly resolved.

                      Polling stations in Tunisia and abroad were monitored by 26 Tunisian observers, 16 African Union (AU) observers and 11 representatives of European and Arab countries. Former Algerian minister and election observer Saïda Benhabyles confirmed to Magharebia that Sunday's poll complied with all the standards of a fair election. "The people were aware of the enormity of responsibility on their shoulders to choose the president who will rule their country which already enjoys stability, security and economic development," he said. The British head of the international observer team, Sydney Assor, also said he found no election irregularities. "I met with people and spoke with them in front of polling stations. They were all satisfied with the performance of supervisors of election, and they didn't complain about any pressures from any entity whatsoever," he told Magharebia. In the legislative elections, Ben Ali's ruling Constitutional and Democratic Rally (RCD) won 161 seats out of 214 in the lower house of parliament, while six of the eight competing parties will share the remaining 53 seats.

                      Comment


                      • #41

                        November 13, 2009 -- Tunisian Present Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was sworn in to his fifth presidential term on Thursday (November 12th) at the Chamber of Deputies in Bardo, TAP reported. The investiture ceremony came nearly 3 weeks after Ben Ali and his ruling Democratic Constitutional Rally (RCD) scored sweeping victories in the country's presidential and legislative elections. In his address to the nation on Thursday, Ben Ali said Tunisia "remains a unique and distinguished model in its regional environment".

                        Comment

                        Unconfigured Ad Widget

                        Collapse
                        Working...
                        X