Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

Regime change via Western bombing : Libya on the brink

Collapse
X
 
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Samir Allam :


    Lundi 18 Avril 2011 -- Les relations se tendent entre le CNT libyen et l’Algérie. Selon plusieurs médias saoudiens et égyptiens, le CNT, via son ambassadeur, s’est plaint officiellement auprès de la Ligue arabe concernant l’aide de l’Algérie au régime du colonel Mouamar Kadhafi. Le Conseil libyen a demandé à Amr Moussa, secrétaire général de la Ligue arabe, de mener des discussions avec Alger sur ce dossier. Il a également demandé de mener des enquêtes sur la violation par l’Algérie de la zone d’exclusion aérienne au‑dessus de la Libye. Une source diplomatique algérienne a indiqué à TSA que le document a été déposé au secrétariat de la Ligue arabe et non auprès du Secrétaire général. Asharq Al Awsat, journal saoudien basé à Londres, affirme détenir une copie du mémorandum adressé par le CNT à la Ligue arabe. Composé de trois pages, il contient des chiffres et des documents prouvant l’implication de l’Algérie dans l’aide au régime libyen. Selon le document, la libyan Human Rights Solidarity (LHRS), une ONG basée à Genève en Suisse, a obtenu des documents prouvant que des avions civils et militaires algériens ont effectué des missions de transport pour le compte du régime libyen. Le mémorandum parle de 15 vols effectués par les avions algériens. Le document rappelle également que des mercenaires ayant la nationalité algérienne ont été arrêtés en Libye. TSA a tenté de joindre la LAHR. En vain.

    Contactée, une source autorisée au ministère des Affaires étrangères a une nouvelle fois démenti l’implication de l’Algérie dans le conflit en Libye. «Les documents auxquels se réfère Asharq Al Awsat émanent d’une pseudo‑association de ‘‘défense des droits de l’homme’’, établie à Genève qui sert, en fait, de faux‑nez à un groupuscule hostile à l’Algérie composé de criminels recherchés par la justice. D’ailleurs, il n’est pas sans intérêt de signaler que des représentants de ce groupuscule sont présents à Benghazi», affirme notre source. «Je confirme, encore une fois, tous les démentis que nous avons déjà opposés à ces allégations malveillantes», a‑t‑elle ajouté. Mais ces accusations récurrentes mettent le pouvoir algérien dans une situation délicate. L’Algérie est le seul pays arabe qui est publiquement accusé par les rebelles libyens de prêter main forte au régime de Mouamar Kadhafi. Les démentis pourraient s’avérer insuffisants pour convaincre l’opinion publique nationale et internationale.

    Comment


    • Comment


      • Comment



        • قال مصدر دبلوماسي جزائري، اطلع على مذكرة الشكوى التي رفعها المجلس الانتقالي في بنغازي في حق الجزائر لدى الجامعة العربية، إن ''قيمة هذه المذكرة صفر''، مؤكدا أنها ''وثيقة لا تستحق الرد عليها، لأنها تعتمد على كلام جمعية مقرها في الخارج بينما الوقائع موجودة في الداخل الليبي''.

          بالنسبة للجزائر، على لسان هذا الدبلوماسي رفيع المستوى، فإن ''مذكرة الشكوى، زيادة على أنها غير ذات قيمة أو مصداقية، فهي وثيقة غير رسمية، بالنظر إلى أن عضوية ليبيا مجمدة في الجامعة العربية، وهذا يعني أنها وثيقة لا تستدعي الرد الرسمي من الجزائر لمسؤولي الجامعة العربية''.

          ويأتي رد الدبلوماسي الجزائري وسط تضارب في المواقف بين قيادات المعارضة الليبية، سواء في الداخل أو في الخارج، حيال الجزائر ودول أخرى، حيث جرى اتهام كل من سوريا واليمن وتركيا بدعم القذافي بطرق مختلفة.

          وفيما يخص الجزائر، بعد التناقض الذي ظهر به رئيس المجلس الانتقالي، مصطفى عبد الجليل، الذي برأ الجزائر من تهمة دعم القذافي ثم عاد ليتهمها قبل أيام، صرح السفير عبد المنعم الهوني، ممثل المجلس الانتقالي في مصر، لصحيفة ''الشرق الأوسط'' اللندنية، أمس، أن ''المذكرة التي بعث بها المجلس الانتقالي للجامعة العربية ليست شكوى ضد الشقيقة الجزائر بقدر ما هي استفسار وعتاب في إطار الأخوة والمحبة والجيرة بين الشعبين الجزائري والليبي''.

          وبخصوص هذه المذكرة، فقد أوردت صحيفة ''الشرق الأوسط'' اللندنية، في عددها لنهار أمس الإثنين، أن المجلس الانتقالي في بنغازي أرسل مذكرة، أول أمس، إلى الأمين العام للجامعة العربية، تطلب فيها إجراء اتصالات مع الجزائر، وتكليف لجنة تحقيق حول ما أسماه المجلس الانتقالي ''خروقات مشبوهة قام بها سلاح الجو الجزائري وكذلك الخطوط الجوية الجزائرية بنقل معدات عسكرية وأسلحة ومرتزقة لنظام العقيد معمر القذافي''.

          وأوردت ''الشرق الأوسط''، نقلا عن المذكرة، أن ''هناك بيانات بشأن 51 رحلة طيران حطت في مطارات طرابلس والمعيتقة والأبرق''. وتقول المذكرة إن ''الرحلات التي قام بها سلاح الجو الجزائري لا تحمل أرقاما''. وهو دليل، حسب المذكرة، على ''سرية الرحلات''.

          والمثير في هذه المذكرة، هو اعتمادها على معلومات زعمت امتلاكها جمعية التضامن من أجل حقوق الإنسان ومقرها جنيف. وتعليقا على هذا الأمر، قال الدبلوماسي الجزائري: ''هذا كلام فارغ، كيف تحصل جمعية مقرها في الخارج على أدلة ولا يملك المجلس الانتقالي الموجود داخل ليبيا هذه الأدلة''. وحاولت ''الخبر''، نهار أمس، الاتصال بالسيد خالد صالح، الأمين العام لهذه الجمعية الحقوقية، للاستعلام منه حول حيثيات هذه الاتهامات، لكنه لم يرد على الاتصال. وكان خبراء استراتيجيون قد لفتوا إلى الخطإ الكبير الذي وقعت فيه المعارضة في ليبيا، بتسرعها في توجيه اتهامات غير مؤسسة للجزائر بدعم القذافي، في الوقت الذي عبرت الجزائر مرارا عن براءتها من هذه التهم.

          Comment


          • Comment


            • Comment


              • Comment


                • Rania Hamdi :


                  Mardi 19 Avril 2011 -- Le secrétaire général du FLN, Adelaziz Belkhadem a estimé ce mardi 19 avril sur les ondes de la chaine III qu’il existait un lien certain entre le conflit en Libye et la récente recrudescence des actes terroristes en Algérie. Depuis la fin de la semaine dernière, la Kabylie fait face à une nouvelle vague de violences terroristes. Au moins 18 militaires et un gendarme ont été tués dans des attaques des groupes armés. Dix terroristes ont également été abattus depuis vendredi soir. Selon Abdelaziz Belkhadem, l’instabilité politique en Libye est «doublée par une circulation des armes. Personne ne sait où vont ces armes » qui circulent en Libye depuis le début du conflit, suggérant qu’elles auraient pu atterrir entre les mains d’Aqmi en Algérie. «À partir du moment où les armes circulent sans contrôle, il est normal qu’elles soient utilisées (…) par n’importe qui», a‑t‑il dit. M. Belkhadem a également nié l’envoi par l’Algérie de mercenaires en Libye tout en soutenant que la situation chez notre voisin «est un problème entre Libyens qu’ils doivent régler entre eux».

                  Comment


                  • Comment


                    • Comment



                      • Mardi 19 Avril 2011 -- L'Algérie a assuré lundi à la France, lors d'un entretien téléphonique, qu'elle n'avait pas fourni plusieurs centaines de véhicules armés aux forces libyennes de Mouammar Kadhafi, a indiqué ce mardi 19 avril le ministre des Affaires étrangères, Alain Juppé. "J'ai eu un entretien très cordial avec mon homologue. Je lui ai dit +voilà, il y a des informations qui circulent selon lesquelles Kadhafi aurait reçu plusieurs centaines de véhicules armés et transportant des munitions en provenance d'Algérie+", a déclaré le ministre français lors d'une rencontre avec l'Association de la presse diplomatique française. "Je lui ai posé la question et il m'a assuré que (...) ce n'était pas vrai", a ajouté Alain Juppé. Dans un communiqué, diffusé un peu plus tôt par l'agence de presse algérienne APS, le ministère algérien des Affaires étrangères ne mentionne pas cet aspect de la conversation, en annonçant que le chef de la diplomatie, Mourad Medelci, "s'est entretenu lundi au téléphone avec son homologue français, Alain Juppé". L'entretien a porté sur "l'état et les perspectives de développement des relations bilatérales algéro-françaises ainsi que sur la situation qui prévaut au niveau de la région du Maghreb", ajoute ce communiqué. Les rebelles libyens ont accusé à plusieurs reprises Alger de soutenir Kadhafi, ce qu'a démenti le gouvernement algérien. Interrogé d'autre part sur son jugement d'un "bon début" après l'annonce de réformes par le président algérien Abdelaziz Bouteflika, jugées insuffisantes par la presse indépendante et l'opposition en Algérie, Alain Juppé a répondu: "Quand on dit que c'est un bon début, ça veut dire qu'il faut une suite".

                        Comment



                        • April 19, 2011 -- A Libyan colonel, captain, and an officer in the internal security forces defected to Tunisia, TAP reported on Monday (April 18th). A boat carrying the security officers and 20 other Libyans docked Sunday at El Ketf port in the Ben Guerdane region. Five other Libyan army officers fled to Tunisia on Friday, AP reported. Some 3,000 Libyans, mostly women and children, have fled to Tunisia in the last two days.

                          Comment



                          • April 19, 2011 -- In other circumstances they could have been a group of British package tourists, clad in identical T-shirts, clambering on and off buses with cameras hanging around their necks. But Libya has no tourists now, let alone of the package variety. And the 13 Britons who toured the west of the country over eight days, had a self-declared mission: to "find facts" about the situation in Gaddafi-controlled Libya to counter what they described as the manipulation and distortion of the western media. The group, calling itself British Civilians for Peace in Libya, had found each other through word-of-mouth and the internet. They were, they said, academics, lawyers, a doctor, humanitarian campaigners and "independent journalists", collectively outraged about the attacks on Libyan government forces by "the biggest military force in the world" - NATO. For some, it was their first visit to Libya. The delegation's leader, David Roberts, 55, from Leicester, said he had been several times before. A Dave Roberts, also from Leicester, is quoted in a web report as addressing a youth conference in Tripoli in 1999, ending his speech with a rousing cry of "Long live Muammar Gaddafi."

                            At a press conference at the Rixos hotel in Tripoli, before the group left for the Tunisian border, Roberts and his colleagues set out their "interim conclusions". They had received numerous reports of civilian fatalities caused by NATO bombing, they said, although they presented no evidence. They had uncovered nothing that suggested anti-government protests or dissent, dismissing extensive footage of demonstrators being shot which was obtained and broadcast by the BBC. They had "witnessed substantial support for the government by broad sections of society", while admitting that they had been accompanied by government officials in whose presence no opposition-sympathising Libyan can speak openly. The group had not visited Misrata, the rebel-held enclave under siege by Gaddafi forces, nor had it investigated the issue of detainees. It had not asked to visit any prisons, and had chosen not to examine the case of Iman al-Obeidi, the Libyan woman who claimed she had been raped multiple times by Gaddafi troops. Most of the delegation's venom was directed at representatives of the British media sitting before it, who were accused of distortion, manipulation and of "failing in their duty to report the conflict truthfully". Members of the delegation queued at the microphone to attack the British media, saying it was partisan towards the NATO military action. "Some of the reports from Benghazi and Misrata are totally one-sided," said one. "There is a very high degree of distortion," an Italian film-maker who accompanied the delegation said.

                            They expressed sympathy for the Libyan regime's restrictions placed on foreign media, which is not allowed to leave the Rixos without a government official and whose movements, even with minders, are highly circumscribed. "One of the reasons you are being locked up is because your independence is being questioned," Roberts said. "It's an obvious point - the [Libyan] government feels it is in a war situation, and feels the western press is facilitating this," said another, implying that the media might call in co-ordinates for airstrikes to NATO. "There are media who identify with this crime [NATO bombing]," said one. They said there was "a groundswell of anger against the western media" among Libyans – sentiments not witnessed by the media corps itself. The press conference became heated as members of the group wrestled the microphone from their colleagues. Eventually the group departed, copies of the conclusions of their "fact-finding mission" tucked under arms and in briefcases. It would use them as a launch pad for a campaign in the UK, Roberts said. And it intended to mount a similar mission to eastern Libya next month.

                            Comment



                            • April 19, 2011 -- A joint British-French military team of advisers is to be sent to Benghazi in a move that is likely to lead to accusations of mission creep. Separately, NATO has said its missiles have targeted Gaddafi's communications network. The moves came after rebels warned that the besieged town of Misrata would fall within days. The UK-French team will advise the rebels on intelligence-gathering, logistics, and communications. In an indication of the serious nature of the move, the team will be run by a joint force headquarters, the Guardian has learned. Officials stress that the team consists of advisers, rather than trainers, and that the move does not involve arming the rebels. There are no plans for the team to go to Misrata, the officials added. William Hague, the foreign secretary, said in a statement that the team "will enable the UK to build on the work already being undertaken to support and advise the NTC [National Transitional Council] on how to better protect civilians". He added: "In particular they will advise the NTC on how to improve their military organisational structures, communications and logistics, including how best to distribute humanitarian aid and deliver medical assistance." Hague said the British section of the team will consist of "experienced British military officers". UK special forces would not be involved, officials said. David Davies, the former Conservative frontbencher, has repeated his calls for parliament to be reconvened to discuss changes to the mission in Libya. "A lot of people will see this as mission creep, some of us as an inevitable outcome," he said. Senior Liberal Democrat Sir Menzies Campbell, his party's former foreign affairs spokesman, warned against becoming bogged down in Libya, similar to the U.S. in Vietnam. He said: "Sending advisers for a limited purpose is probably within the terms of Resolution 1973, but it must not be seen as a first instalment of further military deployment. Vietnam began with an American president sending military advisers. We must proceed with caution." Hague said the deployment was "fully within the terms of UNSCR 1973 both in respect of civilian protection and its provision expressly ruling out a foreign occupation force on Libyan soil".

                              Meanwhile, British, French, and Danish aircraft have extended NATO's targets in Libya to include small satellite communications systems and telephone exchanges, officials said. The strikes, which took place over the past two days, were described as representing a clear "shift" in targeting policy, they said. The British submarine HMS Triumph, returning to the Mediterranean after restocking with Tomahawk missiles, is understood to have fired a number of cruise missiles at Libyan communications targets over the past two days. Oana Lungescu, NATO's chief spokesperson, told a briefing at the alliance's Brussels headquarters that the coalition had flown more than 2,800 sorties, 1,000 a week, of which half were strike sorties. Brigadier General Mark van Uhm, NATO's chief of allied operations, described the situation on the ground in Libya as "fluid and changing constantly". Ammunition bunkers, radars, rocket launchers, and tanks, as well as communications structure had been destroyed, "but nothing indicated he had any intention of disengaging his forces". Van Uhm said over the past 36 hours, NATO air strikes had aimed at degrading Gaddafi's "capacity to command and control, facilities and communicate with his forces". The strikes "will continue until [there is] a clear signal civilians are no longer under threat", he added. The general said NATO strikes last night hit mobile rocket launchers and armoured vehicles advancing near Misrata. He added: "But there is a limit [to] what can be achieved with air power to stop fighting in a city." General Lord Dannatt, former head of the British army, described the move to send military advisers to Benghazi as "an entirely logical further step to achieve legitimate aims". He added: "Some will always say 'mission creep', but [Britain should] interpret the UN mandate broadly to avoid mission collapse".

                              Comment



                              • April 19, 2011 -- The United Nations reached an agreement with Libyan authorities to set up a humanitarian presence in Tripoli, UN chief Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced Monday (April 18th) in Budapest. "It is absolutely necessary that Libyan authorities stop fighting, stop killing people," Ban said. UN humanitarian relief personnel are already in Benghazi. In other humanitarian news Monday, an International Organisation for Migration (IOM) ship left Misrata with 100 Libyans and 870 migrant workers from Ghana, Ukraine and the Philippines. A Red Cross vessel also evacuated 618 foreign nationals. Great Britain on Monday announced plans to evacuate 5,000 foreign workers from Misrata.

                                Comment

                                Unconfigured Ad Widget

                                Collapse
                                Working...
                                X