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Crackdown on sunbeds to cut cancer danger

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  • Crackdown on sunbeds to cut cancer danger


    July 29, 2009 -- Ministers are preparing to clamp down on the cosmetic tanning industry after international experts on cancer said sunbeds belonged in the same category of carcinogenic risk as tobacco smoke. The Department of Health said it was reviewing its stance on sunbeds after the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) upgraded its assessment of the risk posed by sunbeds and sunlamps. Until now the IARC, which advises the World Health Organisation, categorised sunbeds as "probably carcinogenic to humans". But after conducting further research into the evidence around their effects it has placed them in its highest cancer risk category. The Department of Health, which has resisted previous calls to regulate the industry, said: "Sunbeds can be dangerous – we must ensure that people who use them do so safely. If necessary we will look at new laws to protect young people."

    A report by Dr Fatiha El Ghissassi and colleagues from the IARC in France published tomorrow in The Lancet Oncology said: "The use of UV-emitting tanning devices is widespread in many developed countries, especially among young women. A comprehensive meta-analysis concluded that the risk of skin melanoma is increased by 75% when use of tanning devices starts before 30 years of age." Several studies had also linked sunbed use to a greater likelihood of developing a rare eye cancer called ocular melanoma, they added.

    The IARC's WHO agency for research on cancer therefore "raised the classification of the use of UV-emitting tanning devices to Group 1, 'carcinogenic to humans'," they said. Other recognised carcinogens include tobacco smoke, asbestos, benzine, formaldehyde and the Epstein-Barr virus, which causes glandular fever.

    Health campaigners last night welcomed the move and demanded government action. Jessica Harris of Cancer Research UK said: "Given the dangers of sunbeds we want the government to act now to ban under-18s from using sunbeds, close salons that aren't supervised by trained staff and ensure information about the risk of using sunbeds is given to all customers. People should avoid sunbeds completely for cosmetic purposes, she said. " They have no health benefits and they increase the risk of cancer."

    Nina Goad of the British Association of Dermatologists said: "We know that ultraviolet radiation (UVR) causes skin cancer, and sunbeds create a tan by emitting UVR, so we welcome the recognition that sunbeds are carcinogenic. It is high time that steps were taken to regulate the industry, to prevent children using sunbeds, and to ensure that sunbeds are subject to health warnings like other known carcinogens." Some salons advertise health "benefits" to using sunbeds but offer customers no guidance on health risks, she added. "Hopefully categorising sunbeds as a known carcinogen will prompt the government to introduce compulsory health warnings on tanning beds."

    Julie Barratt of the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health, which represents environmental health officers, also called for new restrictions. "This new research underlines the case for urgent reform. We want coin-operated ones, where there are no staff, banned because anyone, including children, can go in and do what they like. All sunbed premises should be registered with the local authority, under-18s should not be able to use them, and everybody using a sunbed should have to be given advice about the health risks."

    A Department of Health spokesman said it was examining what action it might take following a report last month from the Committee on Medical Aspects of Radiation in the Environment (Comare), a group of government advisers. It recommended that anyone under 18 should not be allowed to use sunbeds. Professor Alex Elliott, who chairs Comare, said people could buy a walk-in tanning machine that inside two minutes gave the user the same UV exposure as a fortnight's holiday in the Mediterranean. The spokesman added: "We commissioned a report from Comare to give us a better understanding of the issues around sunbeds. This report was published in June and we are considering the recommendations in full." Government sources said action was "very likely".

    Kathy Banks, chief executive of the Sunbed Association, said it disputed IARC's reclassification of sunbeds as carcinogenic. She said: "There is no proven link between the responsible use of sunbeds and skin cancer. The relationship between UV exposure and an increased risk of developing skin cancer is only likely to arise where over-exposure – that is, burning – has taken place. This outcome would be the same whether burning takes place on a sunbed or on a beach or in a park or garden in natural sunlight. Over 80% of sunbed users are very knowledgeable about the risks associated with over-exposure to UV and the majority of sunbed users take 20 or less sunbed sessions a year."

  • #2
    "Sunbeds can be dangerous – we must ensure that people who use them do so safely."
    ^^ 'safely' i.e. LESS OFTEN

    A comprehensive meta-analysis concluded that the risk of skin melanoma is increased by 75% when use of tanning devices starts before 30 years of age." Several studies had also linked sunbed use to a greater likelihood of developing a rare eye cancer called ocular melanoma, they added.
    melanoma increased 75%?! ya ilahi!
    It seems as if one fails to conceive
    The meaning my name strives to achieve

    To a biological form you cannot relate-
    Because a reproductive cell is a gamete not gamate!

    It means to unite, -to become consolidated
    So without me in a.com, is there hope we'd be amalgamated?

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    • #3

      Jeudi 30 Juillet 2009 -- Les UV des cabines de bronzage, jusqu'?* présent considérés comme “probablement” cancérogènes, sont désormais classés “cancérogènes” par le Centre international de recherche sur le cancer (CIRC/IARC), l'agence cancer de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS). C'est la conclusion d'un groupe de 20 experts de neuf pays réunis en juin au CIRC, basé ?* Lyon (France). Les résultats de cette réunion sont présentés dans l'édition d'août de la revue médicale Lancet Oncology. Depuis 1992, les rayonnements solaires ultraviolets (A, B et C), de même que les UV artificiels des lampes et lits ?* ultraviolets, étaient classés au niveau 2 de la classification du CIRC. Au vu des dernières études scientifiques, le CIRC relève désormais son niveau de classification au niveau 1 (cancérogène pour l'homme) pour tous les rayonnements ultraviolets. “Une méta-analyse a conclu que l'exposition aux UV artificiels avant l'âge de 30 ans augmente de 75% le risque de mélanome”, la forme la plus agressive du cancer de la peau, indique le CICR. Il souligne que l'utilisation d'appareils de bronzage émettant des UV est répandue, particulièrement chez les jeunes femmes. “De plus, plusieurs études ont montré une association entre le bronzage artificiel et le mélanome oculaire”, ajoute-t-il. “Nous ne sommes pas une agence de régulation, nous publions des résultats scientifiques de sorte que les agences sanitaires nationales puissent prendre les décisions qu'elles jugent nécessaires”, a souligné ?* l'AFP Vincent Cogliano, responsable des monographies au CIRC.

      Les dermatologues britanniques et français ont salué la décision, même s'ils ne réclament pas l'interdiction des cabines de bronzage. “La solution n'est pas d'interdire, mais d'informer”, a déclaré Georges Reuter, président du Syndicat français des Dermatologues (SNDV), rappelant que des appareils sont en vente dans le commerce, mais aussi sur internet. “Il est grand temps d'avancer pour réguler le secteur, éviter que des enfants utilisent les lits de bronzage et s'assurer que ces appareils soient soumis ?* des avertissements sanitaires”, a indiqué Nina Goad, de l'Association britannique des dermatologues. D'après une étude de l'Association allemande pour la prévention dermatologique, réalisée fin 2008, environ 14 millions d'Allemands âgés de 18 ?* 45 ans pratiquent le bronzage artificiel et un quart d'entre eux a commencé entre 10 et 17 ans. “Le grand risque, ce sont les gens qui font des séances d'entretien ?* longueur d'année”, a souligné le Dr Reuter, situant la limite ?* 10 séances au maximum dans l'année. “L'autre risque c'est la mauvaise surveillance des installations”, a-t-il ajouté. Lorsque les tubes qui produisent les UV vieillissent, ils peuvent émettre une lumière plus dangereuse. De son côté, l'Association des lits ?* ultraviolets (The Sunbed Association) a affirmé dans un communiqué que le risque de développer un cancer de la peau est lié ?* une “surexposition” aux UV. “80% des utilisateurs sont conscients des risques de surexposition aux UV et la majorité d'entre eux ne dépassent pas 20 séances par an”, a-t-elle assuré. “Le problème, c'est de faire connaître le risque lié ?* ce genre d'installation et le risque solaire en général”, a souligné le Dr Reuter qui suggère, pour avoir bonne mine, d'avoir plutôt recours aux produits autobronzants.

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